Substitution means; a person who takes the place of or acts instead of another or to take the place of ; John Stott defines; one person takes the place of another, especially in order to bear that person’s pain and so save him or her from it.
Satisfaction is define as; the payment of a debt or fulfillment of an obligation or claim.”in full and final satisfaction of the claim”
a : the payment through penance of the temporal punishment incurred by a sin
b : reparation for sin that meets the demands of divine justice or another word propitiation to pacify
Jesus willingly went to the cross to purchased mankind sins by shredding his blood. He accomplished two things; one was He took our sins, and replaced with His righteousness, and became our substitute. Secondly, the Father wrath was satisfied, on the account that He hated sins and Jesus took our sins, and bridged the gap between humankind and God. Since Jesus committed no sin, he became humankind substitute took our sins. Therefore, His Father was satisfied for the payment for the sins humankind committed when Jesus died on the cross. He accomplished two things; He obeyed the moral law 100% and replaced ceremony laws so mankind no longer needed performed them.
The Ten Commandants or moral law was established not as guild line, but a standard God laid down, for the protection of his people, and a moral standard in which God expected us to keep. Any violation of the law would incur God’s wrath. Since, sin violates the moral law, therefore it’s lawlessness, and since , God hates sins so any violation of the moral code in which God laid down He despises and need to be punished the violator. A good human illustration would be King Danus found in Daniel 6 called the law of the Medes and Persians in which a king declares, and if people broke the law they would be punished not even the king can undo the law he needs punished the violator.
Daniel violated and an edict lay down by the king even thou it was foolish edict, and even thou the king tried to rescue Daniel because of the law of Medes and Persians was degreed by the king can’t undo the law. So the king gives the order for Daniel to be thrown in the lion’s den. In the same way God cannot over look anyone who violates His laws. Henry Wace penned these words, ”A law that can be broken without an adequate penalty no law at all. It is inconceivable that God’s moral law can be violated without entailing consequences of the most terrible kind. The mere violation one of His physical law may entail, whether man intend the violation or not, the most lasting and widespread misery. In short, God cannot abolish His moral constitution in which He has established.
Even thou man continues to live in sin, yet God still loves us , because of His holiness cannot overlook the moral law nor can mankind could adequately pay the penalty for ours sins. Because He’s a holy and just God that cannot overlook sin because he hates sin He needs to punish it. His punishment for breaking the law was a curse. Mankind was separated by God and died a spiritual death, and eventually died a physical death. For it is impossible for God to over look sin without punishing it and demand a payment for violating God’s moral law.
Since mankind was created in God’s image and God still love us with a holy love. Even thou man inherits sinful natures and was born in sin, and continue to sin very thing God despises yet He still loved us. How could God still love us yet hate the sin within us? It seems that there’s a contradiction or better word is a paradox where God hates the sin, yet still loves the sinners. However, human being use apparent contradiction frequently when they express a thought for example, “`I always lie’ is a paradox because if it is true it must be false” or “it was the worse and best of times.” When a parent is discipling their child they often say these words, “This hurt me more than you. A loving parents would disapprove and discipline their children if they chose to live a rebellious life style. Yet, they still love them with all theirs heart.
Once humankind encounter God or catches a glimpse of the His glory their perspective changes from to respect, to a healthy reverence, and those encounter Him find out how sinful they really are. For instance, when Job encounter God he uttered these words,” My ears had heard of you but now my eyes have seen you. Therefore, I despise myself and repent in dust and ashes.” When Isaiah met God he spoke these words,” Woe to me!” I cried. “I am ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people of unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the Lord Almighty.” When the Apostle Peter came across Jesus by the sea shore he uttered these words,” Go away from me, Lord; I am a sinful man!” When the Israelites heard the LORD voice they spoke words these words to Moses, “Speak to us yourself and we will listen; but let not God speak to us, or we will die.”
Since man is sinful and God is holy, and without sin the natural man could not pay the penalty for violation God’s law. They would need a substitute that did not violate the moral law to pay the penalty because man violates the moral law. Only God Himself could pay the penalty and He needed to be human to fulfill the moral law. For it is impossible for God to over look sin without punishing it and He demanded a payment for violating God’s moral law. Humankind could not begin to pay the penalty for violating His moral law. God needed someone fulfill the moral law since God could not overlook sin since He is holy. Since mankind violates the moral law God was obligated punish even thou he love them. God needed someone fulfill the law and someone to be punished for violating the law. He needed both God and man John Stott wrote these words God needing a substitute to satisfy His wrath “ Only by providing a divine substitute for the sinner so that the substitute would receive judgment and the sinner pardon. We sinners still of course suffer some of the personal psychological and social consequences of sins, but the penal consequence that deserved penalty of alienation from God, had been borne by Another in our place, so that we may be spared of it.” Furthermore, Dr. Cranfield wrote these words,” God, because in his mercy he willed to forgive sinful man, and, being truly merciful, will to forgive them righteously that is, without anyway condoning their sin, purposed to direct against his own very self the person of his Son full weight of the righteous wrath which they deserved.”
Jesus was willing take humankind place and willingly take His Father wrath for mankind sake. Jesus willingly took the curse of law by redeeming their people from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for human race. Christ was willing hang on pole for our sake for it is written “ Cursed is everyone who hung on a pole and bear our iniquities. As the Bible states.” For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was punished. He was assigned a grave with the wicked, Jesus took our curse, and when we repent and believe we inherit His righteousness. Christ gave himself up fragrant offering and sacrifice which please His Father