How God Dealt With Sin In The Old Testament Part Two

How  The Passover And Sin Offering

 When the Hebrew people were set free from the bondage of Pharaoh and the Egyptian. Before the Israelite departed from  Egypt. Moses enacted the  first Passover found inExodus 12, and It was performed once year with a male lamb without defect. The lamb was to dwell with the family for fourteen days. If one couldn’t afford a lamb  the family who can afford must shared the it with  a poorer family.     They roasted the meat with the fire, and ate it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. Whatever left over in the morning they burn it. They had to slay the lamb at twilight and put some blood on their doorpost on the lintel. 

The blood was  a sign. the angel would Passover over it. As scripture declares, “ I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you. Judgement will not be on the household. Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.  In the first month from the evening of the fourteenth day until the evening of the twenty-first day. As reminder of God setting the Israelite from the bondage of the Egyptians taskmaster.”


  Sin Offering

 Since Passover was only once year, how do deal with other 341 or leap year 380 days  The sin offering found Leviticus chapters 4 to 6 until verse 7 deal with individual sins or whole  community sins whether intentional or unintentional.  Such as Leviticus 5 verses, 5, 7, and 11; a female lamb or goat from the flock  without defect, or  two turtledoves or two young pigeons, and a tenth of an  ephah of fine flour for a sin offering 

Calvin penned these words about the poor, “Hence we infer that God’s only design was to shew the one true means of reconciliation to the people, that they might have recourse to the Mediator and His sacrifice; for the poor are here commanded to offer either two turtledoves, or a small quantity of meal. Or  Matthew Henry wrote these words, “if any were so extremely poor that they were not able to procure these so often as they would have occasion, they might bring a pottle of fine flour, and this should be accepted. Thus, the expense of the sin-offering was brought lower than that of any other offering, to teach us that no man’s poverty shall ever be a bar in the way of his pardon. The poorest of all may have atonement made for them, if it be not their own fault. Thus, the poor are evangelized; and no man shall say that he had not wherewithal to bear the charges of a journey to heaven. “  


The Free Dictionary defines unintentional: Not deliberate or intentional; or accidentally.  If someone sins and without knowing it violates any of the LORD’s commands about anything prohibited, he bears the consequences of his guilt. Matthew Henry commentary penned these words, “We must be jealous over ourselves, to ask for pardon for the sin, and make satisfaction for the wrong, which we do but suspect ourselves guilty of.” If anyone sins and does what is forbidden in any of the Lord’s commands, although they do not know it, they are guilty and will be held responsible , they will bring a female Lamb or goat without  any defect.  

In Leviticus 17:11 For the life of the flesh. Also says in, Hebrew 9; 22 In fact, the law requires that nearly everything is cleansed with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.of sins. Since blood is required  to atone sins Why was fine flour allow as sin offer? The answer is that it was offered on top of a fire offering on the altar that did have blood, and this gave the meal offering the value of a blood sacrifice.  They shall bring it to the priest who shall take a handful of it as a memorial portion and burn it on the altar on top of the food offerings presented to the Lord. It is a sin offering.  In this way the priest will make atonement for them for any of these sins they have committed, and they will be forgiven. In forgiveness of sins ‘everyone should be included in God’s Kingdom.  O. T. Allis has suggested that the mingling of the meal on the altar (part was burned, vs. 12) with the other bloody offerings could be seen as meeting this principle, and that the main aspect taught in all these sacrifices—that of vicarious substitution—is perfectly illustrated even in this offering of meal. The sin offering done in the morning and the evening.


High Priest Sins

What about Aaron line especially his the sons, Nadab and Abihu who violated God’s ordinance  by offering wrong sacrifice found in Leviticus 10; 1- 3, in of accordance in, Leviticus 9; 1- 24? Aaron himself who cave in people wishes and they make a golden calf and they began to worship it found in,  Exodus 32 violating God’s Law not to worship any other gods but me found in Exodus 20; 3. Both Aaron and Israelites broke God’s regulation. Should there be an atoning sacrifice for them as well?

Since sin effect everyone and provision was provide for Aaron line needed their sins. On the account, they’re entering God presence. He shall not enter at any time into the holy place inside the veil, before the mercy seat which is on the ark, or he will die; for I will appear in the cloud over the mercy seat.  Known as the Holy of Holies  found in. 

He needs to wear holy linen tunic, the under garments will be next to his body, he shall be girded with the linen sash and attired with the linen turban (these are holy garments). Than he shall bathe his body and put them on. Then, high priest shall offer the bull for the sin offering which is for himself, that he may make atonement for himself and for his household.


Concerning the priest unintentionally sins found in  Leviticus 16; 2 – 3. if the anointed priest sins so  he as needs to bring a guilt for himself and the people. The High Priest shall sacrifice offer a bull for sin offering and ram for burnt offering. They shall bring a bull to the tent meeting or {tabernacle}. They  shall dip the finger in the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before the Lord. They also shall some of the blood on the horns of the altar of fragrant incense that is before the Lord in the tent of meeting; and all the blood of the bull he shall pour out at the base of the altar of burnt offering that is at the doorway of the tent of meeting.  As Bible states “ who does need daily, like those high priests, to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins and then for the sins of the people.



There’s an adage when commit  a sin brother or sister nip in the bud: the free dictionary defines it, to put an end to something before it develops into something larger. To often, we allow little problems  develop unto bigger problems. In short, we all our guilty committing unintentional sins and they need to be forgiving as well put it behind us.

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