NIV Study Notes wrote, Quirinius. This official appears to have been in office for two terms, first 6–4 BC and then AD 6–9. A census is associated with each term. This is the first; Ac 5:37 refers to the second. According to John MacArthur, he wrote following,” In light of Luke’s meticulous care as a historian, it would be unreasonable to charge him with such an obvious anachronism. Indeed, archeology has vindicated Luke. A fragment of stone discovered at Tivoli (near Rome) in A.D. 1,764 contains an inscription in honor of a Roman official who, it states, was twice governor of Syria and Phoenicia during the reign of Augustus. The name of the official is not on the fragment, but among his accomplishments are listed details that, as far as is known, can fit no one other than Quirinius.
Furthermore he wrote,” With regard to the dating of the census, some ancient records found in Egypt mention a worldwide census ordered in 8 B.C. That date is not without problems, either. It is generally thought by scholars that 6 B.C. is the earliest possible date for Christ’s birth.
Halley’s Bible Handbook Notes wrote (The purpose of the census was taxation, as the kjv indicates.) Roman historical records place the census of Quirinius in a.d. 7, which was 10 to 13 years after Jesus was born. This historical discrepancy was for a long time troublesome to Bible students. But in recent years ancient papyri have been found that show that Quirinius was governor of Syria twice. Luke expressly says that this was the first census. It has also been discovered that people were indeed required to go to their ancestral homes for the census. Thus, the spade of the archaeologist goes on, confirming one by one and in detail the historical accuracy of biblical statements. The Amazing Providence of God The Messiah is to be of the family of David and is to be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2–5). But, the chosen parents live in Nazareth, 100 miles from Bethlehem. A decree of Rome requires them to go to Bethlehem just as the child is about to be born. Thus, God makes the decree of a pagan empire the instrument for fulfilling His prophecies Micah 5:2 .
Bethlehem meaning house of bread because the area was a grain producing region five miles south of Jerusalem with rolling hills where sheep graze and king David was a shepherd
While trek had been very difficult on the account of mountainous terrain; however, they needed to registered in Bethlehem where King David was born resulting from Jewish custom found in 2 Sam. 24). Both Joseph and Mary were from descendants of David and therefore went to their tribal home in Judea.
2:5 it states” who was engaged to him and was pregnant In Matt. 1:25. Mary and Joseph were married but, they not intimate until after the birth of Jesus where they where they consummated their marriage vows proving Joseph not the father Jesus; however, In 2:49 Jesus uttered these words “Didn’t you know that I had to be in My Father’s house? Also, it states in Mat 1:16 the husband of Mary who gave birth to Jesus who is called the Messiah and Luke 3:23 thought to be the son of Joseph. Indicating Joseph was not his father but Holy Spirit planted the seed
Luke 2; 7 Then she gave birth to her firstborn Son, and she wrapped Him snugly in cloth and laid Him in a feeding trough—because there was no room for them at the lodging place.
NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible wrote,” Parents and midwives wrapped an infant’s limbs in long strips of cloth to help them to grow straight. They could be used until the infant’s limbs became firm or for as long as two months. manger. A feeding trough for domestic animals; people sometimes kept animals in caves by the house. Gentiles had a few stories of deities born in caves (though also stories of deities born elsewhere). Luke does not specify a cave as the place of the manger, but the tradition that Jesus was born in a cave is early, information apparently already circulating in Bethlehem by the early second century.” Reformation Study Bible wrote,” The birth of the baby is described simply. ” Swaddling cloths ” were strips of cloth used to wrap a baby. That the Child was put in a manger may mean that the birth was in a stable. There is a tradition that Jesus was born in a cave, which could have been used as a stable. Mangers were often outdoors, so it is possible that Jesus was born in the open air. Another possibility is that the place was the home of a poor family, where the animals would be under the same roof.
There was nowhere for them in the inn. This may mean that the innkeeper did not want to have them there.
Dr Charles Stanley wrote,” Amazingly, God stepped into this world not as the reigning King with pomp and ceremony, but as the humble Child who was wrapped in simple swaddling clothes. Far from a royal crib, Jesus’ first resting place was a primitive feeding trough.
2:7 There was no room for them at the lodging place or there was no room for them in the inn. Likely because many were returning to this ancient town to register in the census order by Augustus. Or may mean that the innkeeper did not want them there resulting from her pregnancy. A typical inn small town during New Testament was one room guest house where the innkeeper would provide food and drink for the lodger. Where the traveling caravans, including the people, and their animals provided shelter for them where the animal would discharged their order. The Greek word is “kataluma meaning an inn, lodging place.