16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel,
Because it is God’s power for salvation to everyone who believes, first to the Jew, and also to the Greek 17 For in it God’s righteousness is revealed from faith to faith, just as it is written: The righteous will live by faith.
NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible wrote Ancient works sometimes included A thesis statement, which is how A majority of scholars view these two verses. The theme of the entire book. Or the main idea, opinion, or theory of A person, group, piece of writing, or speech: Her main thesis is that children need A lot of verbal stimulation.
John MacArthur wrote, “These two verses crystallize the thesis of the entire book—the gospel of Jesus Christ—which Paul will unfold and explain in the following chapters. For example,” A theme for A school exercise another word could uses A theme or premise
Thesis is defined as A subject for A composition or essay or A proposition laid down or stated, esp. one maintained, or put forward as A premiss in an argument. A document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author’s research and findings.
As you read in the rest of the letter, you will see how many of its ideas and concerns are anticipated in this thesis sentence (together with vv. 2–4): the gospel is about God’s Son; it is God’s power bringing salvation to Jew and Gentile alike; it is the revelation of God’s righteousness, available to all on the same basis; namely, faith in Christ Jesus.
Holdman Commentary wrote,” The theme of Romans is the power of the gospel. By that, we mean that it is the controlling idea in Paul’s approach to the grand scheme of salvation. Without the gospel, and without the power that the gospel is (not the power that the gospel has), there can be no salvation, no deliverance, no life. Everything that God wants for us is to be found in the gospel, and Paul is going to spend the rest of his letter explaining every facet of it.”
Thesis is defined as A subject for A composition or essay.
The Heidelberg Catechism stated in question and answered 60. “God grants and credits to us, the perfect satisfaction, righteousness, and holiness of Christ, as if I had never sinned nor were A sinner, as if I had been as perfectly obedient as Christ was obedient for me.
As John Calvin penned, “Justification is the main hinge on which salvation turns. Balthasar Meisner stated,” Justification is the article where the church stand or falls A “proverb of Luther”
Charles Spurgeon wrote, “Any church that puts in the place of justification by faith in Christ another method of salvation is A harlot.”
John Mcauthor wrote, “Justification is… A completed fact for the believer; it is not an ongoing process.
Luther used to hate Romans 1:17. He struggled with this verse particularly, and the phrase ‘God’s righteousness’ particularly, because he always read it in the sense which it was preached by the Catholic theologians at the time. At that time this verse was understood as the “formal or active righteousness” which “God is righteous and punishes the unrighteous sinner. Luther knew himself to be A sinner under the judgment of A righteous God. While he had been studying in the Tower of the Black Cloister, an Augustinian Monastery in Wittenberg his eyes was opened, or he had a Holy Spirit moment where the Holy Spirit revealed the meaning “the righteousness of God.” God’s righteousness had always brought terror to his heart. Luther knew himself to be A sinner under the judgment of a righteous God. Then, he read Romans 1:17 along with Romans 3:21-24: “But now A righteousness from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. This righteousness came through faith in Jesus Christ It was Christ atoning work on the cross that saved not mankind works. All mankind had to offer was their sins. As scripture declares, There is no difference, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.” These words leaped off the pages. The power brought the collapse of A mental stronghold–salvation by works—and replaced it with the truth of salvation by faith. Luther came to understand that salvation by the works of the law brings bondage. But, salvation by grace through the finished work of Christ leads to freedom.
Martian Luther wrote, Lord Jesus You are my righteousness; I am your sin. You took on you what was mine; yet set on me what was yours. You became what you were not, that I might become what I was not.
The late Dr R C Sproul wrote Luther was looking now at the Greek word that was in The New Testament, not the Latin word. The word dikaios, dikaiosune, which didn’t mean to make righteous, but rather to regard as righteous, to count as righteous, to declare as righteous? And this was the moment of awakening for Luther. He said, “You mean, here Paul is not talking about the righteousness by which God Himself is righteous, but A righteousness that God gives freely by His grace to people who don’t have righteousness of their own.”
And so Luther said, “Woa, you mean the righteousness by which I will be saved, is not mine?” It’s what he called A justitia alienum, an alien righteousness; A righteousness that belongs properly to somebody else. It’s A righteousness that is extra nos, outside of us. Namely, the righteousness of Christ. And Luther said, “When I discovered that, I was born again of the Holy Ghost. And the doors of paradise swung open, and I walked through.”
Martin Luther’s Latin phrase, “Simul Justus et Peccator.” Simul is the word from which we get the English word simultaneously. Or, it means ‘at the same time.’ Justus is the Latin word for just or righteous. And you all know what et is. Et the past tense of the verb ‘to eat.’ Have you et your dinner? No, you know that’s not what that means. You remember in the death scene of Caesar after he’s been stabbed by Brutus he says, “Et tu, Brute?” Then fall Caesar. And you too Brutus? It simply means and. Peccator means sinner. He was saying from one perspective, in one sense, we are just. In another sense, from A different perspective, we are sinners; and how he defines that is simple. In and of ourselves, under the analysis of God’s scrutiny, we still have sin; we’re still sinners.
Zondervan Bible Commentary wrote, “Paul must have paused here and pondered. Rome— what thoughts of grandeur, power and even pride the word must have evoked in Paul the Roman citizen! But, the gospel of Christ not only equalled but eclipsed the achievements of Rome. It too was something to be proud of, for it was God’s own means— as dynamic as the resurrection (cf. v. 4)— of saving anyone in the world whom entrusts himself to Him Romans 3:22) for all who believe. An offer made first in time to the Jew, then to the Gentile.
Throughout the epistle of Romans the Apostle Paul spell out the just or righteous shall live by faith, and it was Jesus Christ who is the righteous one who, was without sin sacrifice Himself on the cross as a sin offering, and became the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world! For example in Romans 3; 21-24, God’s righteousness has been revealed by the Law and the Prophets God’s righteousness through faith in Jesus Christ.
Romans 4; 5 and if believe in His atoning work then you will be redeemed from the curse of sin. Romans 5; 1-2,9 believes in Jesus Christ then you will be declared righteous by His blood than you will have peace with God instead of His Father wrath. , Philippians 3:9, Trusting and having faith in Jesus Christ instead trusting in the moral law which condemns only us. Finally, in Romans 8; 1 Therefore, no there is condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.
One central theme that no matter what Satan does, saving faith cannot be destroyed Romans 8:31–39 Who can bring an accusation against God’s elect? God is the One who justifies. Who is the one who condemns? Christ Jesus is the One who died, but even more, has been raised; He also is at the right hand of God and intercedes for us. Who can separate us from the love of Christ? Can affliction or anguish or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword?
The Heidelberg Catechism question asks one What is thy only comfort in life and death? That I with body and soul, both in life, and death, am not my own, but belong unto my faithful Saviour Jesus Christ; who, with his precious blood, has fully satisfied for all my sins and delivered me from all the power of the devil; and so preserves me that without the will of my heavenly Father, not a hair can fall from my head; yea, that all things must be subservient to my salvation, and therefore, by his Holy Spirit, He also assures me of eternal life and makes me sincerely willing and ready; henceforth, to live unto him.
1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel; Reformed Bible Study wrote, “Although the gospel is folly to the cultured, Paul sees his message as divine wisdom (1 Cor. 1:22–25, 30), and is not embarrassed by God’s way of salvation.” He was willing to endure suffering, 2 Corinthians 11; 23-27, I’m talking like a madman—I’m a better one: with far more labors, many more imprisonments, far worse beatings, near death many times. Five times I received 39 lashes from Jews. Three times I was beaten with rods by the Romans. Once I was stoned by my enemies. In 2 Corinthians 4; 16-18 So we do not lose heart. Though our outer self is wasting away, our inner self is being renewed day by day. For this light momentary affliction is preparing for us an eternal weight of glory beyond all comparison, as we look not to the things that are seen but to the things that are unseen. For the things that are seen are transient, but the things that are unseen are eternal. But, Paul remained eager to preach the gospel in Rome. emissing a comma» In short the apostle Paul was willing endure hardship and suffering for sake of the gospel
1:16 Because it is God’s power for salvation; The King James Study Bible Notes wrote,” The power of God: The English words dynamite and dynamo are derived from the word “power.” If Paul were writing today, he would probably speak of atomic power. The gospel is so powerful that it takes people all the way into heaven. John MacArthur wrote,” ” The power of the gospel delivers people from lostness (Matt. 18:11), from the wrath of God (Rom. 5:9. ). Only God’s power is able to overcome man’s sinful nature and give him new life. As scripture declares,” I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; I will remove your heart of stone and give you a heart of flesh.
Reformed Bible Study wrote, Is essential because of humanity’s bondage to sin and Satan, and weakness and spiritual inability on account of sin Believer Commentary wrote,” Paul was not ashamed to take God’s good news to sophisticated Rome, even though the message had proved to be a stumbling block to the Jews and foolishness to the Greeks, for he knew that it is the power of God to salvation.”
1:16 to everyone who believes, Believer Bible Commentary wrote That it is the power of God to salvation—that is, it tells how God by His power saves everyone who believes on His Son. Romans10;11-14, Now the Scripture says, Everyone who believes on Him will not be put to shame 12 for there is no distinction between Jew and Greek, since the same Lord of all is rich to all who call on Him. 13 For everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.
Galatians 3;28-29 There is no Jew or Greek, slave or free male or female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s seed, heir
1:16 first to the Jew, and also to the Greek; In Acts 1; 8 you will be My witnesses in Jerusalem, in all Judea, and Sameria Believer Bible Commentary wrote, “The order for the Jew first and also for the Greek was fulfilled historically during the Acts period.” Reformed Bible Study wrote,” it the pattern of Paul’s missionary outreach. Hence, in visiting the cities of the Roman world he began by expounding Scripture in the synagogues where possible, and he preached Christ as the fulfillment of the Old Testament promises (Acts 9:20; 13:5, 14; 14:1; 17:1, 17; 18:4, 19, 26; 19:8). Throughout Romans, Paul is careful not to deny the validity of the God-given privileges of His own people.”
”NIV Study Bible Notes wrote,These privileges, however, were not extended to the Jews because of their superior merit or because of God’s partiality toward them (cf. Dt 7:7–11 and note on Dt 4:37). It was necessary that the invasion of this world by the gospel began at a particular point with a particular people who in turn were responsible to carry that gospel to the other nations This power is extended equally to Jews and Greeks.
Romans 1; 17 For in it God’s righteousness is revealed from faith to faith, just as it is written: The righteous will live by faith. John MacArthur wrote,” ” The power of the gospel delivers people from lostness (Matt. 18:11), from the wrath of God (Rom. 5:9. ). Only God’s power is able to overcome man’s sinful nature and give. Him new life
Reformed Bible Study wrote, Is essential because of humanity’s bondage to sin and Satan, and weakness and spiritual inability on account of sin Believer Bible Commentary wrote That it is the power of God to salvation—that is, it tells how God by His power saves everyone who believes on His Son. This power is extended equally to Jews and Greeks.
Romans 1; 17 For in it God’s righteousness is revealed from faith to faith, This is a key phrase in Romans (3:21; 5:19; 10:3), regularly explained in the letter as “righteousness… Through (or of) faith” (3:22; cf. 9:30; 10:6).
Romans 1; 17 Believer Bible Commentary wrote, “ Since the word righteousness occurs here for the first time in the Letter, we will pause to consider its meaning. The word is used in several different ways in the NT, but we shall consider only three uses.
John MacArthur wrote,” righteousness of God. Better translated, “righteousness from God.” A major theme of the book, appearing over 30 times in one form or another righteousness is the state or condition of perfectly conforming to God’s perfect law and holy character. Other terms from the same Gr. Root also occurs some 30 times and is usually translated “justified,” “justification” or similarly. Only God is inherently righteous (Deut. 32:4; Pss. 11:7; 116:5; John 17:25; 1 John 2:1; Rev. 16:5), and man falls woefully short of the divine standard of moral perfection (3:10, 23; Job 9:2; Matt. 5:48).
Believer Bible Commentary wrote,” the righteousness of God can refer to His method of justifying ungodly sinners. He can do this and still be righteous because Jesus as the sinless Substitute has satisfied all the claims of divine justice. Finally, the righteousness of God refers to the perfect standing which God provides for those who believe on His Son (2 Cor. 5:21). Those who are not in themselves righteous are treated as if they were righteous because God sees them in all the perfection of Christ. Righteousness is imputed to their account.
Furthermore, they wrote,” The righteousness of God is revealed in the gospel. First, the gospel tells us that God’s righteousness demands that sins be punished, and the penalty is eternal death. But, then we hear that God’s love provided what His righteousness demanded. He sent His Son to die as a Substitute for sinners, paying the penalty in full. Now because His righteous claims have been fully satisfied, God can righteously save all those who avail themselves of the work of Christ.
Matthew Henry wrote,” Paul so much triumphs in, is the righteousness of God revealed. Our misery and ruin being the product and consequent of our iniquity that which will show us the way of salvation must needs show us the way of justification, and this the gospel does. The gospel makes known a righteousness. While God is a just and holy God, and we are guilty sinners, it is necessary we should have a righteousness wherein to appear before him; and, blessed be God, there is such a righteousness brought in by Messiah the prince (Dan. 9:24) and revealed in the gospel; a righteousness that is, a gracious method of reconciliation and acceptance, notwithstanding the guilt of our sins.”
Dr Ken Boa wrote, “God’s righteousness is revealed in the gospel! The pagan power of Rome (like the pagan nation of Babylon in Habakkuk’s day) is no match for the power of God which is the gospel, Paul says. Do not think that God’s power is absent—it is here in the gospel! And God’s righteousness will be revealed against all manner of sin everywhere. Rather than thinking you are powerless to change Rome, the gospel gives you the power of God to change lives.” Without Christ mankind would be help less and without hope. Justification by faith give us hope