Old Testament Alters

Old Testament Alters

According to  Bible history on Old Testament altars were made of earth or stones found in a field, and no tool could be used. They could not have steps lest the nakedness of man be exposed without a covering. They served as a table to place the sacrifice upon, and to catch the blood of the sacrificial animal  usually male lamb, goats, turtle doves and later a bronze altar was placed in the tabernacle of Moses. Exodus 20; 25  And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

 . God was clear that his salvation is for everyone, providing that they approach His way. In Genesis 4; 4 When Cain brought the best of his good works on the altar he was rejected, while his Abel brother brought only a blood sacrifice. In which God accepted Abel’s sacrifice.

The most sacred part of the altar; there were the four horns on the corners which symbolized God’s power and might which pointed to the four corners of the earth. In Exodus, 27:2  And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

There are  five types of offering found in Leviticus 1-7 Burnt Offerings (Leviticus 1; 6:8-13; 8:18-21; 16:24, Grain Offerings Leviticus 2; 6:14-23,Peace Offerings Leviticus 3; 7:11-34, Peace Offerings Leviticus 3; 7:11-34, Trespass Offerings (Leviticus 5:14-19; 6:1-7; 7:1-6) and Sin Offerings (Leviticus 4; 5:1-13; 6:24-30; 8:14-17; 16:3-22

The sin offering was the most important of all sacrifices. It symbolized general redemption. It made atonement for the whole person of the offender, whereas the trespass offering only atoned for one special offense. The blood of the sacrifice of sin offering was sprinkled. Every spot of blood from a sin offering on a garment conveyed defilement, as being loaded with sin, and all vessels used for such sacrifices had either to be broken or scoured.

In Leviticus 23; 23-32 known as the Yom Kippur meaning  Day of Atonement, meaning to make atonement for yourselves before the Lord your God. King James Studies Bible Notes, “Though theologians tend to use the term atonement to summarize Christ’s work on the Cross, it occurs only in the Old Testament (Rom. 5:11 is better-translated “Reconciliation meaning to restore relationship tat was broken   “For on this day He will forgive you, to purify you, that you be cleansed from all your sins. Encyclopedia of The Bible wrote, “On this day, when the Temple, or Tabernacle still existed; the high priest entered the Holy of Holies to atone for the sins of Israel.”

This is a permanent statute throughout your generations wherever you live  On the seventh-month, on the first day of the month, occurring annually. In Leviticus, 16:1–34 explain in details

 The High Priest brought forward a young bullock for a sin offering, purchased at his own cost, because of himself and his family, and two young goats for a sin offering, with a ram for a burned offering, which was paid for out of the public treasury, on account of the people sin.   

Nelson’s Old Testament Survey: The High priest  would enter the outer room of the tabernacle, the Holy Place, with a sin offering and a burnt offering. He would also set apart two goats and a ram for sacrifice. A bull had to be slain for Aaron’s own atonement, and then one goat was to be selected as a sin offering and the other as a “scapegoat.” 

Commentary Critical and Explanatory wrote, “He was not to attire himself on that occasion in the splendid robes that were proper to his sacred office, but in a plain dress of linen, like the common Levities, for, as he was then to make atonement for his own sins, as well as for those of the people, he was to appear in the humble.” 

There’s a phase that often use  among friends or those who commit a felony when they’re in trouble and one them get caught they not to rat out on their  friends the phase is called the escape goat. In Leviticus 16:7-10 Where they had two goats one slaughter while the other known as the scapegoat or azazel, meaning   goat of departure.

 Defines escape goat A Chiefly Biblical. A goat let loose in the wilderness on Yom Kippur after the high priest symbolically laid the sins of the people on its head. Lev. 16:8,10,26.

Free Dictionary defines;  A live goat over whose head Aaron confessed all the sins of the children of Israel on the Day of Atonement. The goat, symbolically bearing their sins, was then sent into the wilderness.

Merriam dictionary defines; a goat upon whose head are symbolically placed the sins of the people after which he is sent into the wilderness in the biblical ceremony for Yom Kippur

For example, there’re two goat one is sacrifice while other goes into the desert and takes  the people sins away Merriam-Webster Dictionary define; is a goat that was symbolically burdened with the sins of the people and killed on Yom Kippur to rid Jerusalem of its iniquities;  or another example, found in Oxford Dictionary a goat sent into the wilderness after the Jewish chief priest had symbolically laid the sins of the people upon it. There were two goats were used one was sacrifice on an altar by high priest to atone for the sins of the people and offered to the Lord. While thee other goat carries the sins of the people into the wilderness. Found in found in Leviticus 16:7-10 and the people would  cast  lots for the two goats–one lot for the LORD and the other for the scapegoat. Found in Leviticus 16:8 The only high priest in Aaron line is performed this act and only done once year.

Encyclopedia of The Bible wrote,” The ritual of the day had in view one goal: to avert the wrath of God for the sins of the past year and to insure His continued dwelling among them. The shedding of blood and the sending off of the scapegoat were meant to cleanse the nation. This day was observed to remind Israel that despite all the daily, weekly, and monthly (on the new moon) sacrifices; sin was not fully atoned for.  ”

Leviticus 16:11 “When Aaron presents the bull for his sin offering and makes atonement for himself and his household, he will slaughter the bull for his sin offering

Leviticus 16:15 “When he slaughters the male goat for the people’s sin offering and brings its blood inside the veil, he must do the same with its blood as he did with the bull’s blood: he is to sprinkle it against the mercy seat and in front of it.

Lastly, the day is not without spiritual significance and instruction for the Christian today. The more one compares the rituals of this day with what was accomplished perfectly by Christ on Calvary, the more the conviction is confirmed that all the rites of the Day of Atonement, and all the religious appointments in Israel, were only shadows preparing for the coming of finality in Christ (Heb 9:24; 10:1)

Moses enacted the  first Passover found in Exodus 12, and It was performed once year with a male lamb without defect. The lamb was to dwell with the family for fourteen days. If one couldn’t afford a lamb  the family who can afford must shared the it with  a poorer family. They roasted the meat with the fire and ate it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. Whatever left over in the morning they burn it. They had to slay the lamb at twilight and put some blood on their doorpost on the lintel. 

 In month of Nissan on the 15th day, The blood was  a sign. The angel would Passover over it. As scripture declares, “ In the Book of Exodus, God helped the Israelites escape from slavery in ancient Egypt by inflicting ten plagues upon the Egyptians before the Pharaoh would release the Israelite slaves. The last of the plagues was the death of the Egyptian first-born. The Israelites were instructed to mark the doorposts of their homes with the blood of a slaughtered spring lamb and, upon seeing this, the spirit of the Lord knew to pass over the first-born in these homes; hence, the English name of the holiday.” Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come Celebrate this day as a lasting ordinance for the generations to come.

Exodus 12; 1-7 The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt: 2 “This month is to be the beginning of months for you; it is the first month of your year. 3 Tell the whole community of Israel that on the tenth day of this month they must each select an animal of the flock according to their fathers’ households, one animal per household. 4 If the household is too small for a whole animal that person and the neighbor nearest his house shall select one based on the combined number of people; you should apportion the animal according to what each person  will eat. 5 You must have an unblemished animal, a year-old male; you may take it from either the sheep or the goats. 6 You shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month; then the whole assembly of the community of Israel will slaughter the animals at twilight. 7 They must take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses 

Exodus12;12-14 12 “I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night and strike every firstborn male in the land of Egypt, both man and beast. I am Yahweh; I will execute judgments against all the gods of Egypt. 13 The blood on the houses where you are staying will be a distinguishing mark for you; when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No plague will be among you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

14 “This day is to be a memorial for you, and you must celebrate it as a festival to the Lord. You are to celebrate it throughout your generations as a permanent statute.

Got questions wrote  Passover (Pesach in Hebrew) is a Jewish festival celebrating the exodus from Egypt and the Israelites’ freedom from slavery to the Egyptians. The book of Exodus tells of the origin of Passover. God promised His people to redeem them from the bondage of Pharaoh (Exodus 6:6). God sent Moses to the Egyptian king with the command that Pharaoh “let my people go” (Exodus 8:1). When Pharaoh had refused, God brought ten plagues on the land of Egypt. The tenth and worst of the plagues was the death of all the firstborn in Egypt. 

The children of Israel in Egypt followed God’s command and kept the first Passover. However, none of the Egyptians did so. All through Egypt, behind the unmarked, bloodless doorways of the Egyptians, the firstborn children died at midnight (Exodus 12:21–29). “There was loud wailing in Egypt, for there was not a house without someone dead” (verse 30). This dire judgment finally changed the Egyptian king’s heart, and he released the Israelite slaves (verses 31–32).

 

7 They must take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses where they eat them.

 

https://www.gotquestions.org/what-is-Passover.html 

 

Leviticus 4 &5 where they dealt with daily sins in Leviticus 4; 3-7  “If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, he is to present to the Lord a young, unblemished bull as a sin offering for the sin he has committed. 4 He must bring the bull to the entrance to the tent of meeting before the Lord, lay his hand on the bull’s head, and slaughter it before the Lord. 5 The anointed priest must then take some of the bull’s blood and bring it into the tent of meeting. 6 The priest is to dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle some of it seven times before the Lord in front of the veil of the sanctuary. 7 The priest must apply some of the blood to the horns of the altar.

Leviticus 4; 13-18  if the whole community of Israel errs, and the matter escapes the notice of the assembly, so that they violate any of the Lord’s commands and incur guilt by doing what is prohibited, 14 then the assembly must present a young bull as a sin offering. When the sin they have committed in regard to the command becomes known, they are to bring it before the tent of meeting. 15 The elders of the community are to lay their hands on the bull’s head before the Lord, and it is to be slaughtered before the Lord. 16 The anointed priest will bring some of the bull’s blood into the tent of meeting. 17 The priest is to dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord in front of the veil. 18 He is to apply some of the blood to the horns of the altar that is before the Lord in the tent of meeting. 

In Leviticus 5; 5-13  It states If someone incurs guilt in one of these cases, he is to confess he has committed that sin. 6 He must bring his restitution for the sin he has committed to the Lord: a female lamb or goat from the flock as a sin offering. In this way, the priest will make atonement on his behalf for his sin

Note in 11-13 there are two typed sin of offering for the poor two turtledoves or two young pigeons or two quarts of fine flour as an offering for his sin. He must not put olive oil or frankincense on it. 

Calvin penned these words about the poor, “Hence we infer that God’s only design was to shew. The one true means of reconciliation to the people, that they might have recourse to the Mediator and His sacrifice; for the poor are here commanded to offer either two turtledoves, or a small quantity of meal. Or  Matthew Henry wrote these words, “if any were so extremely poor that they were not able to procure these so often as they would have occasion, they might bring a pottle of fine flour, and this should be accepted. Thus, the expense of the sin-offering was brought lower than that of any other offering, to teach us that no man’s poverty shall ever be a bar in the way of his pardon. The poorest of all may have atonement made for them, if it be not their own fault. Thus, the poor are evangelized; and no man shall say that he had not wherewithal to bear the charges of a journey to heaven. “  Believer Bible Commentary wrote,” This put the sin offering within reach of the poorest person. Likewise, no one is excluded from forgiveness through Christ. The question arises in verses 11–13, “How can a meal offering serve as a sin offering to make atonement for sin when we know that without the shedding of blood is no remission?” Heb. 9:22. The answer is that it was offered on top of a fire offering on the altar (which did have blood), and this gave the meal offering the value of a blood sacrifice.

 Matthew Henry wrote, “if any were so extremely poor that they were not able to procure these so often as they would have occasion, they might bring a pottle of fine flour, and this should be accepted. Thus, the expense of the sin-offering was brought lower than that of any other offering, to teach us that no man’s poverty shall ever be a bar in the way of his pardon. The poorest of all may have atonement made for them, if it be not their own fault. Thus the poor are evangelized.”  

The sin offering was design for the poor and the rich, for the least, and the important, and  for the educated, and uneducated, and elite, and the barbarians, and the wise and the foolish. For example, Joseph and Mary in Luke 2; 24 offer a pair of doves or two young pigeons. Another example is found in John 2; 16  Where Jesus made whipped out of cord, and drove everyone out of the temple complex with their sheep and oxen. He also poured out the money changers’ coins and overturned the tables. He told those who were selling doves, “Get these things out of here! Stop turning My Father’s house into a marketplace.

 Through out Old Testament for example in Deut, 10:18 it states He executes justice for the fatherless and the widow and loves the foreigner, giving him food, and clothing. Also, in Deut 14:29  Then the Levite who has no portion or inheritance among you, the foreigner, the fatherless, and the widow within your gates may come, eat, and be satisfied. Leviticus 19:9–10  you are not to reap to the very edge of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. 10 You must not strip your vineyard bare or gather its fallen grapes. Leave them for the poor and the foreign resident; I am Yahweh your God. And the Lord your God will bless you in all the work of your hands that you do. Other Biblical references Deuteronomy 24:19–21  In these passages the poor and widow were expected to work and do fair share

 

In 1 Timothy 6;18 The rich were instructed  to do what is good, to be rich in good works, to be generous, willing to share, 

Believer Bible Commentary wrote,” The law permitted the poor to offer a pair of doves, since they could not afford the more expensive animals. To those who sold doves, the Lord issued a command to take these things away. It was not fitting that they should make His Father’s house a house of merchandise. In all ages, God has warned His people against using religious services as a means of getting rich. There was nothing cruel or unjust in any of these actions. Rather, they were simply an indication of His holiness and righteousness. 

Heb. 9:22 According to the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness. 

In Exodus 12;7 its states  They must take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses where v 13 The blood on the houses where you are staying will be a distinguishing mark for you; when I see the blood, I will pass over you

Where in Leviticus 16:11 “When Aaron presents the bull for his sin offering and makes atonement for himself and his household, he will slaughter the bull for his sin offering and Leviticus 16:15 “When he slaughters the male goat for the people’s sin offering and brings its blood inside the veil, he must do the same with its blood as he did with the bull’s blood: he is to sprinkle it against the mercy seat and in front of it. Where the blood sprinkle on the mercury seat

Lastly in Leviticus 4; 16-18  The anointed priest will bring some of the bull’s blood into the tent of meeting. 17 The priest is to dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle it seven times before the Lord in front of the veil. 18 He is to apply some of the blood to the horns of the altar that is before the Lord in the tent of meeting.

There are four types of sin offering a lamb, goat, two turtledoves or two young pigeons, or two quarts of fine flour.  

Note blood spilt and was applied. A door post mercury seat,  and tent of meeting why was blood sprinkle 0n the alters   

In Leviticus 17:11  “For the life of the flesh is in the blood, and I have give it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul.” Heb. 9:22 According to the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there are no forgiveness sins.

In John 1; 29,36 “Here is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! Or When John the Baptist  saw Jesus passing by, he said, “Look! The Lamb of God!”

Where  in John 3; 14 Jesus said  Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up,

While Jesus hanging on the cross he gave up spirit and died in   John 19; 34  But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and at once blood, and water came out.  Believer Commentary wrote Blood speaks of cleansing from the guilt of sin; whereas water typifies cleansing from the defilement of sin through the Word. Augustus Toplady wrote Let the water and the blood, From Thy riven side that flowed Be of sin the double cure, Save me from its guilt and power.

In Matthew 27; 51  Suddenly, the curtain of the sanctuary was split in two from top to bottom. John Macarthur wrote,  “the veil of the temple. I.e., the curtain that blocked the entrance to the Most Holy Place (Ex. 26:33; Heb. 9:3). The tearing of the veil signified that the way into God’s presence was now open to all through a new and living way (Heb. 10:19–22). The fact that it tore “from top to bottom” showed that no man had split the veil. God did it.” 

Reformed Bible Study The Most Holy Place from the rest of the sanctuary. It symbolized the unapproachability of God (Heb. 9:8). Jesus’ death was His sacrifice at the heavenly altar (Heb. 9:12, 24, 25), which opened the way to God (Heb? 10:19, 20), removing the veil. Heaven had been opened through the royal priesthood of Christ (1 Pet. 2:9). Believer Bible Commentary wrote The Most Holy Place from the rest of the sanctuary. It symbolized the unapproachability of God (Heb. 9:8). Jesus’ death was His sacrifice at the heavenly altar (Heb. 9:12, 24, 25), which opened the way to God (Heb? 10:19, 20), removing the veil. Heaven had been opened through the royal priesthood of Christ (1 Pet. 2:9).

Hebrew 9 25  He did not do this to offer Himself many times, as the high priest enters the sanctuary yearly with the blood of another.

Hebrew 9; 26-28 Otherwise, He would have had to suffer many times since the foundation of the world. But, now He has appeared one time, at the end of the ages, for the removal of sin by the sacrifice of Himself. 27 And just as it is appointed for people to die once—and after this, judgment— 28 so also the Messiah, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to bear sin, but to bring salvation to those who are waiting for Him.

 In short, Jesus  did away with the Old Testament sacrificial system His offer body once for all to bear the sins for mankind.

In Matthew 24; 1-2  Jesus predicted that temple Not one stone will be left here. The sacrificial system as seen in the Bible has not been practiced according to the ordinances given by God since the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 A.D. Remember 

Exodus 12; 14 “This day is to be a memorial for you, and you must celebrate it as a festival to the Lord. You are to celebrate it throughout your generations as a permanent statute. Also, Leviticus 16; 29 “This is to be a permanent statute for you. Since Second Temple was destroyed  in 70 A.D there is no any sacrifice of goat’s sheep pigeon or dove turtle on the alter anymore? Either the Bible is lying therefore, you can’t trust what it’s declaring or something else took it else took the  place of the Jewish sacrificial system. 

It was Jesus who is God and became a man who willingly went to the cross, and Himself sacrifice on it and took mankind sins and His Father wrath, and if repent, confess, and believe in Jesus Christ you will be saved. Than He will take our place, and replace with His righteousness 

As scripture declares, “ He made the One who did not know sin to be sin[l] for us, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.”

 

http://www3.telus.net/public/kstam/en/tabernacle/details/offerings.htm 

https:// www.seedbed.com/5-offerings-old-testament/

http://biblecentre.org/content.php?mode=7&item=899 https:// www.gotquestions.org/Day-Atonement-Yom-Kippur.html  

 

https:// www.biblestudytools.com/dictionary/azazel/

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