The Good Shepherd
John 1011_12 I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. . 14 I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own.
I will rescue my flock; they shall no longer be prey. And I will judge between sheep and sheep. And I will set up over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he shall feed them: he shall feed them and be their shepherd. And I, the Lord, will be their God, and my servant David shall be prince among them. I am the Lord; I have spoken. “I will make with them a covenant of peace and banish wild beasts from the land so that they may dwell securely in the wilderness and sleep in the woods. Ezekiel 34:22-25 And you are my sheep, human sheep of my pasture, and I am your God, declares the Lord God.” Ezekiel 34:31“My servant David shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd. They shall walk in my rules and be careful to obey my statutes. They shall dwell in the land that I gave to my servant Jacob, where your fathers lived. They and their children and their children’s children shall dwell there forever, and David, my servant, shall be their prince forever. I will make a covenant of peace with them. It shall be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will set them in their land and multiply them and will set my sanctuary in their midst always. Ezekiel 37:24-26.
The False Shepherd
John 10;1, 12-13 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door but climbs in by another way, that man is a thief and a robber. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy. I came that they may have life and have it abundantly.. 12 He who is a hired hand, not a shepherd, who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees, and the wolf snatches them and scatters them. 13 He flees because he is a hired hand and cares nothing for the sheep. The word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel; prophesy, and say to them, even to the shepherds, Thus says the Lord God: Ah, shepherds of Israel who have been feeding yourselves! Should not shepherds feed the sheep? You eat the fat, you clothe yourselves with the wool, you slaughter the fat ones, but you do not feed the sheep. The weak you not strengthened, the sick you have not healed, the injured you have not bound up, the strayed you have not brought back, the lost you have not sought, and with force and harshness you have ruled them
Note the similarities in John 10 and Ezekiel 34, for example, the good shepherd who is Jesus and the False Shepherd who was the scribes and Pharisees. The good shepherd feeds the sheep, whereas the false shepherd fleeces the sheep. In John John 10;1, 12-13, “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who does not enter the sheepfold by the door but climbs in by another way, that man is a thief and a robber. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy. I came that they may have life and have it abundantly.. 12 He who is a hired hand, not a shepherd, who does not own the sheep, sees the wolf coming and leaves the sheep and flees, and the wolf snatches them and scatters them. 13 He flees because he is a hired hand and cares nothing for the sheep. Dr. John Gill wrote, John 10:12 (ENTVIIII): wolf; or any false prophet, or teacher, who are ravenous wolves, though sometimes in sheep’s clothing; or any tyrant, oppressor, or persecutor of the saints: and leaveth the sheep; as the idol shepherd, against whom a woe is pronounced, Zech. 11:17. And fleeth; not being willing to bear any reproach or persecution, for the sake of Christ; not such a keeper of the flock as David, who went after the lion and the bear, and when they rose up against him, did not flee, but caught them by the beard and slew them; nor like the Apostle Paul, who fought with beasts at Ephesus, and would turn his back on none, nor give place, no, not for an hour, that truth might continue; and the wolf catcheth them; some of them: and scattereth the sheep; the rest; so are the sheep of Christ and his churches sometimes scattered, by persecution raised against them; see Acts 8:1, 4. The Jews have a rule concerning such a hireling shepherd, which is this; “a shepherd that feeds his flock, and leaves it, and goes to the city, and a wolf comes, and ravines and the lion comes and tears in pieces, he is free; but if he leaves by it his staff and his scrip, he is guilty.
John 10:13 (ENTVIIII): The hireling fleeth because he is a hireling, &c.] And has no propriety in the sheep; had he, he would abide by them, and defend them; but because he has not, he’ll not expose himself to any danger, but leaves them: and careth not for the sheep; what becomes of them, providing only for his own safety. Abarbanel has a note on Isa. 40:11, which may serve to illustrate this passage: “he shall feed his flock like a shepherd.
In Ezi 34:1-4. The word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel; prophesy, and say to them, even to the shepherds, Thus says the Lord God: Ah, shepherds of Israel who have been feeding yourselves! Should not shepherds feed the sheep? You eat the fat, you clothe yourselves with the wool, you slaughter the fat ones, but you do not feed the sheep. The weak you not strengthened, the sick you have not healed, the injured you have not bound up, the strayed you have not brought back, the lost you have not sought, and with force and harshness, you have ruled them. “My servant David shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd. They shall walk in my rules and be careful to obey my statutes. Is it not enough for you to feed on the good pasture, that you must tread down with your feet the rest of your pasture, and to drink of clear water, that you must muddy the rest of the water with your feet? Ezekiel 34:18
In Ezekiel 34 11- 16, “For thus says the Lord God: Behold, I, I myself will search for my sheep and will seek them out. As a shepherd seeks out his flock when he is among his sheep that have been scattered, so will I seek out my sheep, and I will rescue them from all places where they have been scattered on a day of clouds and thick darkness. And I will bring them out from the peoples and gather them from the countries and will bring them into their own land. And I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the ravines, and in all the inhabited places of the country. I will feed them with good pasture, and on the mountain heights of Israel shall be their grazing land. There they shall lie down in good grazing land, and on rich pasture, they shall feed on the mountains of Israel. I myself will be the shepherd of my sheep, and I myself will make them lie down, declares the Lord God. I will seek the lost, and I will bring back the strayed, and I will bind up the injured, and I will strengthen the weak. “My servant David shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd. They shall walk in my rules and be careful to obey my statutes Ezekiel 37:24.
In. Zechariah 11: 17 “Woe to the worthless shepherd, Who leaves the flock! A sword shall be against his arm And against his right eye; His arm shall completely wither, And his right eye shall be totally blinded. Two thousand years ago, the Pharisees and Scribes died if they died in unbelief. Remember Jesus took your sin. They will face Jesus, not the Shepherd or lamb but a Judge. Consider what Jesus did as a savour Believer Bible wrote, Psalm 22:2 (BBC): You have come to Golgotha where the Good Shepherd is giving His life for the sheep. For three hours, the earth has been enveloped in thick darkness. Now “Immanuel’s orphaned cry” echoes through the universe: “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”
Behind the poignant question lies an awful reality—the suffering Savior actually was, literally and completely, forsaken by God. The eternal Son who had always been the object of His Father’s delight was now abandoned. The Perfect Man who unfailingly did the will of God experienced the terrible desolation of being cut off from God.
The question is, “Why?” Why should the holy, sinless Son of God suffer the concentrated horror of eternal hell in those three long hours of darkness? Scripture gives us the answer. First of all, God is holy, righteous and just, and this means that He must punish sin wherever He finds it. To wink at sin or to overlook it is impossible for God. That brings us to the second point. Although the Lord Jesus had no sins of His own, He took our sins upon Himself. He voluntarily assumed responsibility to pay the penalty for all our iniquities. The debt we owed was charged to His account, and He willingly became surety for it all. But now, what can God do? All His righteous attributes demand that sin be punished. Yet here He looks down and sees His only begotten Son becoming the scapegoat for others. The Son of His love has become our sin-bearer. What will God do when He sees our sins on His beloved Son?
There was never any doubt as to what God would do! He deliberately unleashed all the fury of His righteous wrath on His own beloved Son. The fierce torrent of divine judgment broke upon the innocent Victim. For our sakes, Christ was forsaken by God so that we might never be forsaken.
Thus when we read of Christ’s deep, deep suffering, it should always be with the keen awareness that He bore it all for us. We should punctuate each statement with the words for me. He was forsaken—for me. When I hear Him cry, “Why are You so far from helping Me, and from the words of My groaning?” I know that it was for me. And it was for my sake that the heavens were silent to Him by day and by night. This is what the Jewish Leader rejected that Jesus was the true Shepherd and also the Lamb of God who their sins and replace with His righteousness. The Pharisees were more concerned about their tradition than the gospel; for example, in John 9; 28, And they reviled the blind man , saying, “You are his disciple, but we are disciples. In John.12.42, John.12.43, many even of the authorities believed in him, but for fear of the Pharisees, they did not confess it, so that they would not be put out of the synagogue; for they loved the glory that comes from man more than the glory that comes from God. Nevertheless, among the chief rulers also, many believed in him; but because of the Pharisees, they did not confess Jesus as Saviour and Lord.
Concerning the Jewish leader, Jesus said in Matthew 23: 2-3,5- The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat. 3 So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach. 5 “Everything they do is done for people to see: They make their phylacteries[a] wide and the tassels on their garments long; Jesus express these woes said , “you experts in the law, woe to you, because you load people down with burdens they can hardly carry, and you yourselves will not lift one finger to help them.
But when they heard it, they went away one by one, beginning with the older ones. They understood they were as guilty as the Adulteress woman yet would not admit it.
The Under Shepherd
To under shepherd In1 Peter 5:1-4 So I exhort the elders among you, as a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, as well as a partaker in the glory that is going to be revealed: shepherd the flock of God that is among you, exercising oversight, not under compulsion, but willingly, as God would have you; not for shameful gain, but eagerly; not domineering over those in your charge, but being examples to the flock. And when the chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory. When Jesus restored the apostle Peter, He said, When Simon Peter, “Yes, Lord,” he said to Him, “You know that I love You.” He told him. A second time He asked him, “Yes, Lord,” he said to Him, “You know that I love You.” He told him. He asked him the third time, and Peter was grieved that He asked him the third time; he said, “Lord, You know everything! You know that I love You.” Jesus said feed my sheep
Note feed my sheep twice once shepherd my shepherd. Just before Peter denied Jesus declare these words when you have repented and turned to me again, strengthen your brothers.” Despite Peter’s colossal failure, this was part of God’s plan to refine him in preparation for his role as the rock on which the church would be built. Matthew 16:8.
The. Dr. Adrain Rogers, in the sermon on Psalm 23, 4 your rod and your staff, they comfort me. ItAbout a stubborn sheep who tend to wander away from the flock, unaware of the danger lurking him. The shepherd broke his leg and picked him up and repaired the damage, and put him on his shoulder until the leg was healed. The shepherd put him the sheep down; he went next to the shepherd and Watched him tend; the sheep. He was put in charge of leading the sheep. The apostle Paul wrote, that the shepherds and teachers, is to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ.
The apostle Peter and Paul understood failure, but they also understood forgiveness. In Act 9;15, But the Lord said, “Go, for Saul is my chosen instrument to take my message to the Gentiles and to kings, as well as to the people of Israel. Also, in Acts 265=\18, to open their eyes and turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, so that they may receive forgiveness of sins those who are sanctified by faith in me. Paul was Called by Jesus He wrote I would have you know, brothers, that the gospel that I preached is not man’s gospel. For I did not receive it from any man, nor was I taught it, but I received it through a revelation of Jesus Christ. Nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me, but I went away into Arabia. Or in Acts 9; 19, for some days, he was with the disciples at Damascus. “I went to Arabia.” Every servant of the Lord needs a time of seclusion and meditation. Moses had his forty years on the backside of the desert. David was alone with God while he tended sheep on the hillsides of Judea. In a sense he was unlearning his tradition
In Galatians 1;4 And I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my own age among my people, so extremely zealous was I for the traditions of my fathers. Acts 9:19–25 (BBC): When he returned to Damascus (v. 22), he was able to confound the Jews in the synagogues, proving that this Jesus is the Messiah of Israel. This so infuriated them that they plotted against the life of this one who had once been their champion but who was now an “apostate,” a “renegade,” a “turncoat.” Peter preached the first gospel; he was with Jesus for three years. Paul was in the Arabia wilderness for three years. Jesus equipped them to be under-shepherds, leading the other sheep through greener pastures. The apostle Paul shares in suffering as a good soldier of Christ Jesus. No soldier gets entangled in civilian pursuits since he aims to please the one who enlisted him.
Tex Charles Waston God is looking for broken men who have judged themselves in the light of the cross of Christ. When He wants anything done, He takes up men who have come to the end of themselves, whose confidence is not in themselves but in God.
Or H A Ironsides, God is looking for broken men who have judged themselves in the light of the cross of Christ. When He wants anything done, He takes up men who have come to the end of themselves, whose confidence is not in themselves but in God. As Scriptures, For we are God’s fellow workers. You are God’s field, God’s building.
Lastly Believer Bible Commentary cannot read this without being reminded of the enormous debt which we had contracted as sinners, and of how it was all charged to the account of the Lord Jesus at Calvary. He paid the debt in full when He died as our Substitute. We are also reminded here of Christ’s ministry as our Advocate. When Satan, the accuser of the brethren, brings charges against us for wrongs we have done, our blessed Lord says in effect, “Charge that to My account.” The doctrine of reconciliation is illustrated in this book. Onesimus had been estranged from Philemon because of wrongdoing. Through the ministry of Paul (we have every reason to believe) the distance and “enmity” were removed. The slave was reconciled to his master. So we were estranged from God because of our sin. But through the death and resurrection of Christ, the cause of enmity has been removed and believers are reconciled to God.