Queen Bloody Mary Bloody Mary Reign
Queen Mary I of England was born February 18, 1516, the daughter of King Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon. She considered an illegitimate and thus deprived for a time of her status as an heir to the throne. This fuelled her rage regarding her father’s break from the Roman Catholic Church. She felt that if her father, King Henry VIII, had obeyed the Roman Catholic Church, she would be a legitimate child, and would have being heir to the throne would not have been questioned, however, she was restored as second in line to the throne, after her half-brother Edward, who was physically weak.
In 1553 Edward died, however, by which time Protestantism had gained such ground.Being a devout Catholic, and resented the break with Rome that her father had instituted. She acknowledged the religious dualism of her country, but she desperately wanted to convert England back to Catholicism.
On November 30,1553 declared queen of England.She started enacting the old heresy laws. Restoring papal authority and undoing various reforms to the English church giving them authority to arrest anybody who does not acknowledge the pope as the head of the church. Where hundreds of Protestant leaders were burnt at the stake during her reign because they would submit to the Roman Catholic doctrine.
She also knew that if she remained childless, the throne would pass to her Protestant half-sister, Elizabeth. She needed a Catholic heir to avoid the reversal of her reforms. To accomplish this goal, she arranged to marry Philip II of Spain.The marriage to the Spanish king produced no children.
Mary’s goal of a Catholic England failed, as her successor, Queen Elizabeth I, took the nation back to Protestantism. As Scripture declares,”The heart of man plans his way, but the Lord establishes his steps.
John Rogers was born in 1500 in the parish of Aston, near Birmingham. Under the influence, he William Tyndale he left the Roman Catholic faith. He took a wife named Adriana, a native of Antwerp who eventually bore him ten children.
After Tyndale’s death Rogers pushed on with his predecessor’s English version of the Old Testament, which he used as far as Second Chronicles, employing Myles Coverdale’s translation of 1,535 for the remainder and for the Apocrypha. The complete Bible was put out under the pseudonym of Thomas Matthew in 1537. John Rogers used the assumed name “Thomas Matthew” to avoid persecution and prosecution by the authorities who continued to forbid under penalty of death, the printing of the scriptures in the English language. John Rogers had little to do with the translation, but he contributed some valuable prefaces and marginal notes.
In 1,548, where he published a translation of Philipp Melanchthon’s Considerations of the Augsburg Interim. His work was largely used by those who prepared the Great Bible of 1539-40, out of which in turn came the Bishops’ Bible of 1,568 and the Authorized Version of King James in 1611.He also declined to wear the prescribed vestments, donning instead a simple round cap.
When Edward VI had died Mary, a Roman Catholic, became queen. John Rogers preached a stirring message, urging his congregation to remain loyal to Reformation principles. Mary’s Catholic bishops questioned him about this sermon, but he answered well and was released. When Catholic had spoken
Paul’s Cross, churchgoers rioted. The mob attacked Bishop Bonner, an eminent supporter of Queen Mary. Rogers shouted to the crowd to calm down and helped hustle Bonner to safety. Although no harm had been done, the Queen’s council was upset. Rogers was arrested spent over a year in prison, questioned several times about his beliefs by Lord Chancellor Stephen Gardiner.
On 22 January 1554/5 Rogers and other Protestant preachers were brought before the Privy Council and examined. Cardinal Pole, on 28 January 1554/5, ordered a commission to proceed against persons liable to prosecution under the statutes against heresy, and six days later through sanction of the Council, Rogers was condemned and sentenced as an excommunicated heretic, to be burned to death at the stake at Smithfield. This sentence was carried out the morning of Monday 4 February 1554/5
He was not even allowed to see his wife and children before he died. Mr. Woodroofe, one of the sheriffs, first came to John Rogers and asked him whether he would revoke his abominable doctrine, and the evil opinion of the Sacrament of the altar. Rogers answered “That which I have preached I will seal with my blood.” Then, Mr. Woodroofe said, “Thou art a heretic.” Rogers replied “That shall be known at the Day of Judgment.” Mr. Woodroofe added, “I will never pray for thee.” Though Rogers responded “But I will pray for you.”
Rogers stands as the first blood on the hands of Queen “Bloody” Mary…and the first of hundreds more to come.
God heard Rogers plead where his wife and children, being eleven in number, ten able to go, and one sucking at her breast, met him via, as he went towards Smithfield. This sorrowful sight of his own flesh and blood could nothing move him but that he constantly and cheerfully took his death with wonderful patience, in the defence, and quarrel of the gospel of Christ. Eagerly waiting for his crown of martyrdom in heaven
Excerpt From: John Foxe. “Fox’s Book of Martyrs
Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury
Thomas Cranmer was born July 2, 1489 in Aslacton, now called Aslockton, near Nottingham. He was the Archbishop of Canterbury, During the reigns of the English kings Henry VIII and Edward VI. He was the first Anglican martyrs; burned in 1,556 for heresy, He is commemorated by the Church of England on March 21.
He compiled two books of the Common Prayer in which it is in use to this day. And was influential in the English language through its phrases and quotations. Such as, “In the midst of life we are in death, earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust, in sure and certain hope of the Resurrection.” “Whereof it followeth Rome to be the seat of antichrist, and the pope to be very antichrist himself. I could prove the same by many other scriptures, old writers, and strong reasons.”
While his name as a reformer is less well known than Martin Luther’s or John Calvin, Cranmer deserves to be regarded as the father of English Protestantism. Dr Cranmer believed that the Scripture is the final authority not the Pope. That the bishop of Rome had no authority whatever to dispense with the word of God since they had little knowledge of Scriptures.
On February 14, 1556, Cranmer was removed from office, imprisoned and charged with treason. The immediate cause of his arrest was a pamphlet he had just published condemning the Mass, which had been re-introduced at the Canterbury Cathedral.
He was tried and sentenced, but his life was spared however, he was tried for heresy and, being found guilty, made several recantations, in order to avoid execution. Recanting was not simply retracting your statement but publicly or signing legal document declaring that pope had the final authority, and that Catholic doctrine was the true philosophical system you needed to stand by it. Such as the body and blood of Christ, being contained most truly under the forms of bread and wine. The bread was the body of Christ, and the wine was His blood. In some, the recanter would take faggot Not the Protestant’s movement such as Luther, Calvin, or Zuinglius were the religious outcast. Sometimes the recanter would take the torch themselves and burn their former friend declaring to them as heretic. In case Thomas Cranmer, he promise that would restore his position of Archbishop of Canterbury if would retract his statement.
According to John Fox Dr. Cranmer lay under the stings of a goaded conscience and the contempt of every gospel Christian; this principle he strongly felt in all its force and anguish.
He also confesses and acknowledges his sins before His redeemer Jesus Christ. Changing his mind, and withdrew his recantation, and realizing that by admitting that he was in error, he was also rejecting all his convictions and his entire career.
Cranmer was brought in procession to St. Mary’s Church in Oxford where he was to make a public statement affirming his recantation, he publicly denounced the Catholic doctrine and the Pope from the pulpit. Stating, “And as for the Pope, I refuse him, as Christ’s enemy and Antichrist, with all his false doctrine.” Publicly exposing popish doctrines, also declaring Jesus Christ as the Lord and Savour and adhere to the apostle teaching.
While the flaming were consuming him he “stretched out his right hand, he held it unshrinkingly in the fire till it was burnt to a crisp. The very hand that signed the legal writ declaring that the pope was the head of the church.
He also uttered these words, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit . . .I see the heavens open and Jesus standing at the right hand of God as Stephen declared the first martyr.
Mrs. Cicely Ormes
Mrs. Cicely Ormes was the wife of Mr. Edmund Ormes,
A simple woman according to the Bishop an ignorant, unlearned, and foolish woman; however, she had zeal for the Lord causes previously she recanted her Protestant beliefs under pressure from the Catholic magistrate. Miserable at her defection, she then wrote a letter rejecting her recantation. Withdrew and repenting of her sins, and was willingly to die for the cause of Christ atoning works.
On the Sept 23 1557, between seven and eight AM, by the order of the Bishop she was taken to Lollard’s Pit to be put to death because of the teaching Christ and twelve the Apostles teaching.
Standing stake she uttered these words,” Welcome thou cross of Christ.” Than utter these words, ” Good people! I believe in God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost, three persons and one God. This do I not, nor will I recant: but I recant utterly from the bottom of my heart the doings of the pope of Rome, and all his popish priests and shavelings. I utterly refuse and never will have to do with them again, by God’s grace. And, good people! I would you should not think of me that I believe to be saved in that I offer myself here unto the death for the Lord’s cause, but I believe to be saved by the death and passion of Christ; and this my death is and shall be a witness of my faith unto you all here present. Good people! As many of you as believe as I believe, pray for me.” Than kissed the stake than uttered, “Welcome the sweet cross of Christ.”
When the flames were lit, she lifted her hands praising the Lord until they fell off resulting from the flames. Waiting for her rewards in the celestial paradise being blessed forever
Rev Laurence Saunders
Rev Laurence Saunders was born in 1,519 in Cambridge was the son of Thomas Saunders and Margaret Saunders. He was educated Eton and Kings Colleges in Cambridges, and gradate in 1541. He was apprenticed to Sir William Chester as a mercantile, however, abandoned and continued his studies, proceeding MA in 1,544 and obtaining a doctorate in theology. He obtained a licence to preach.
On 15 October, 1553 he preached at Northampton, warning the congregation that ‘the errors of the popish religion’ would be restored to the church by Queen Mary and that England was threatened with the visitation of God for her ‘lukewarm indifference in the cause of Christ. He was arrested by the order of the Bishop of London after having given a sermon at all Hallows Bread Street. After the bishop examined Saunders declare the queen a bastard, This irritated the bishop he sent him to compter prison for a one year quarter where faithful declare the atoning work of Christ to his fellow prisoner.
The life of a prisoner was very different from that of today’s prisons. The prisoners were treated as animals and considered less of a human were tortured either to obtain confession or recant their belief. Torture in the 1500-1600’s was systematic, cruel, and inflicted physical, and mental suffering. Devices and tools were used to inflict unbearable agony on a victim.
On fourth of February the Bonner, bishop of London, came to the prison to degrade him; the day following, in the morning the sheriff of London delivered him to certain of the queen’s guard who was appointed to carry him to the city of Coventry, there to be burnt.
A poor shoemaker, who used to serve him with shoes, came to him, and said, “O my good master, God strengthen and comfort you.” “Good shoemaker.” Mr. Saunders replied, “I desire thee to pray for me, for I am the most unfit man for this high office that ever was appointed to it; but my gracious God and dear Father are able to make me strong enough.”
On the day of his execution, an officer asks him would recant than he would pardon him. Sanders responds not I but such as you have injured the realm. The blessed Gospel of Christ is what I hold; that do I believe that have I taught, and that will I never revoke!” Than when he had approached the stake he gave it hug, and he said,” Welcome, thou cross of Christ! Welcome everlasting life!” When the dreadful flames consumed him he sweetly slept in the Lord Jesus.
John Hooper, Bishop of Worcester
John Hooper was born in Somerset in 1495. He entered Merton College, Oxford, under the tuition of his uncle William. Obtained a degree as Bachelor of Arts in 1,518 he commenced life by retiring from it as a monk in the Cistercian monastery. He left monastery life because its deplorable superstitions he returned to Oxford. Where some of the writings of the Swiss Reformers fell into his hands. Through the study of Bullinger’s commentaries on the Epistles of Paul
During Henry, eight reign he departed England and went to Paris, and than to Basle and Zurich and continue his studies in reformed doctrine.Where he met his wife Anna de Tzerclas, a Burgundian lady.
When Edward VI became king he returned to England determined to forward the Lord’s work.After preaching a course of sermons before the King, he was nominated as Bishop of Gloucester. He was consecrated as Bishop of Gloucester on 8th March 1551. Where he continues preached reformed doctrine to his flock.
But his useful labours in the Lord’s work came to a halt when Queen Mary came to the Throne in 1553 who set out to reverse the changes made during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI.He was driven from his diocese. The icons were replaced, and the Mass was restored.
Dr Hooper was one of the first to answer for his beliefs before the Council. On the 1st September, 1553 he sent to Fleet Prison where he remained for more than seventeen months. It was an awful place where he wrote an account of his severe treatment while his in confinement, having on one side the common sink and filth of the house, and on the other the town ditch. Hooper gives a touching account of his sufferings with nothing for his bed but a little pad of straw with a tick and few feathers and he write I have been sick and the doors, bars and chains, being closed and made fast upon me.”
He was three times examined before such judges as Bishops Gardiner and Bonner and finally condemned for denying the Romish doctrine of transubstantiation in the Mass. and for maintaining the lawfulness of the marriage of the clergy and was railed at by his judges, one of them calling him a “beast” for refusing to give up his lawful wife.
Prior to his execution he spent much time in prayer and encouraging a poor who was blind boy uttering to the boy,”God has taken thy outward sight and given another sight more precious – the eye of knowledge and faith,”
On market-day, 9th February 1555 at about eight o’clock, he was led to the place of his execution. He was rejoicing lifting up his eyes and hands to heaven, and praising God expressing his perfect obedience to the Lord Jesus Christ. According to account to the Fox Book of Martyrs cheerful and ruddy radiance countenance. When he arrived at the stake under the great elm tree, he gave it hug. On the stool laid a pardon from the queen if he would turn. He uttered these words, “If you love my soul away with it.” While he pray that his death would quick; however, the flames would be burnt his hair and scorched his skin a little. He utters these words,” O Jesus, Son of David, have mercy upon me, and receive my soul!” After third attempt the flames were more intense
Last words spoken “Lord Jesus, have mercy upon me! Lord Jesus receive my spirit!” Nonetheless, he was black in the mouth, and his tongue so swollen that he could not speak, yet his lips went till they were shrunk to the gums: and he knocked his breast with his hands until one of his arms fell off, and then knocked still with the other, while the fat, water, and blood dropped out at his fingers’ ends, until by renewing the fire, his strength was gone, and his hand clave fast in knocking to the iron upon his breast. Then immediately bowing forwards, he yielded up his spirit.
His death was very painful, however, he still declare Jesus as Lord and His redeeming work, and many were witnesses including the enemy of the gospel.
Excerpt From: John Foxe. “Fox’s Book of Martyrs / Or A History of the Lives,
Prior execution Bishop Hooper he examined a blind boy concerning his faith and the cause of his imprisonment. He looked on him steadfastly, tears standing in his eyes, and said, “Ah! Poor boy, God hath taken from thee thy outward sight, for what reason He best knoweth; but He hath endued thy soul with the eye of knowledge and faith. God gives thee grace continually to pray unto Him, that thou lose not that sight, for thou wouldst then be blind both in body and soul.” The boy’s name was Thomas Drowry. He was blind; however, when one sense goes they the developed the other senses such as your hearing , and the ability to recall recite the exact words spoken to them.
Thomas Drowry had such abilities while being examined Dr. Williams, Chancellor of Gloucester, He asks “Dost thou not believe that after the words of consecration, spoken by the priest, there remaineth the very real body of Christ in the sacrament of that altar?” “No,” answered the blind boy, “that I do not.”
Than the Bishop condemn as a heretic ask him who taught you this heresy? You, Master Chancellor pointing toward pulpit ‘When you preached there ” (naming a day) “a sermon to all men, as well as me, upon the sacrament. You said the sacrament was to be received spiritually, by faith.
On May, 15th 1556 Thomas Drowry was taken to the stake in Gloucester. Place fasten to the pole and executioner lit fire went and consumed by the flames; however, the first person he saw was Jesus the Son of God. Entering through the Gates of Splendour and receiving the martyr crowns.
Joan was born in 1534 and had twin brother named Roger to a Derby barber, William Waste and his wife Joan. She was born blind.
While Edward was upon the throne, the people of England had church services in their own language instead of Latin.
Joan was moved by the Holy Spirit to go to hear the Bible readings and sermons. She was converted to Christ her Saviour. Who has found own poor lost blind sheep and gave her a new of saving faith along with spiritual insight.
Even thou she was blind she wanted a Bible even thou the books were very expensive. She able saves enough to purchase a New Testament by applying her trade knitting and making rope. Even thou it took her time or two find someone to read the Bible. Eventually, she found an elderly man in Derby Gaol called John Hurt who said he would gladly read to her everyday a chapter until illness finally rendered him from reading However, she able find someone else to even thou cost her every time someone read her the investment paying off.
Joan was able to recite long passages of Scripture, and refuted all false doctrines, and rebuked those sinned against the Bible, exhort those commit their lives to Christ or face Judgement
In 1553, Queen Mary came to the throne and in January 1555 it was made illegal by Parliament to hold Protestant view were expected to attend Roman Catholic Masses. Nonetheless, Joan would not submit to heresy of the Roman Catholic dogma and believe that the Scriptures had the finial authority not the pope. She also denied the Sacrament of the Altar where the body and the blood of Christ transubstantiation, in the bread, and wine. Immediately, the Bishop requested that Joan turn away from the faith of the Bible, and trust in the Holly Church.
At this point, the Bishop and his Chancellor became angry. First, they tried to persuade her that the Son of God was easily and regularly brought down and changed into bread and wine but, when it was clear that she would not listen, they threatened her with imprisonment, torture, and death if she refused to believe in this “Sacrament of the Altar.”
Then, she reminded her hearers that a number of sincere Christians had recently been imprisoned and then burnt to death for believing the same things that she did rather than embrace the doctrines of Rome, boldly she went on, “Are you prepared to die for your doctrine? If not, then for God’s sake stop troubling me no more. I am but a poor, blind, uneducated woman, but with God’s help I am ready to yield up my life in this faith.”
On August 1st 1556, she taken to Windmill Pit were many of her brothers and sisters were martyred because their faith in Jesus Christ. Before her execution, she called upon the multitude to pray for her. That Christ would have mercy upon her. Where the light of the everlasting sun of righteousness would beamed upon her when the departed spirit.
Excerpt From: John Foxe. “Fox’s Book of Martyrs
Rev. John RoughAt the age of seventeen, Rev. John Rough entered as one of the order of Black Friars, at Stirling, in Scotland. A religious community founded 1233 and relied solely on alms the residential district. Where became a Earl chaplain,
After being there sixteen years, Lord Hamilton, Earl of Arran, taking a liking to him, the archbishop of St. Andrew’s, where he became a the Earl’s chaplain, and remained in this spiritual employment for a year?
The Holy Spirit wrought him saving knowledge of the atoning work of Christ. Where he preached the gospel for four years in Ayr, fearing for his life he move to England. Where Edward VI reign and allowed the gospel to be preached. He moved Somerset where given a salary of twenty pounds. To preach at Carlisle, Berwick, and Newcastle, where he married. He was afterward removed to a benefice at Hull, in which he remained till the death of Edward VI.
When queen Mary was declared the queen of England, where he, and his wife went to Friesland a Provence in Holland. He started an occupation of knitting hoses and caps, where needed yarn he came back to England on November 10th in London.
Where he soon heard of a secret society of the faithful, to whom he joined himself, and was in a short time elected their minister, in which occupation he strengthened them in every good resolution.
On December 12th, Mr. Rough, with Cuthbert Symson and others, was taken up in the Saracen’s Head, Islington, where, under the pretext of coming to see a play, their religious exercises were beholden. Where they examined before council, and charges were laid that he, being a priest, was married, and that he had rejected the service in the Latin tongue. To him, he would not argue these flimsy tenets, and he was degraded and condemned was accused being the most pernicious heretic in the country