Jesus Birth Part Five

Luke 2; 21-40 

Mary The Mother Of Our Lord


Mary the mother Of Our Lord was a young maiden who found favour with the Lord found in Luke1:31. Who gave birth to a son name Jesus or Yeshua or Joshua meaning the Lord is our salvation. Mary was righteous in God the sight, living without blame according to all the commands and requirements of the Lord. She knew her Old Testament reciting it 12 times in the magnificat found Luke1; 46-55   and, was aware of the convent between God and her ancestor’s Abraham. God chose wisely when He picked Mary to be the mother of our Lord In Luke 2:22  when the days of their purification according to the law of Moses. 

NIV Studies Bible Notes wrote concerning purification. Following the birth of a son, the mother had to wait 40 days before going to the temple to offer a sacrifice for her purification. If she could not afford a lamb and a pigeon (or dove), then two pigeons (or doves) would be acceptable (see Lev 12:2–8 and notes; cf. Lev 5:11). NKJV Study Bible wrote,” Her purification refers to a ceremony in which a new mother of a son was declared ceremonially clean again (see Lev. 12:6). Reformation Study Bible wrote The need for purification arose from the mother’s being ceremonially unclean for seven days after the birth of a son. For another thirty-three days she was to keep away from holy things (these times were doubled for a daughter, Lev. 12:1–5).

Luke 2:23 Every firstborn male will be dedicated to the Lord Believer Commentary wrote,” God had decreed that the firstborn sons belonged to Him; they were to form the priestly class (Ex. 13:2). 

John Calvin wrote,” This was another exercise of piety which was discharged by Joseph and Mary. The Lord commanded, that all the males should be dedicated to him, in remembrance of their deliverance; because, when the angel slew all the first-born of Egypt, Exodus. 12:29, he had spared the first-born of Israel. “On the day that I smote all the first-born in the land of Egypt, I hallowed unto me all the first-born in Israel, both man and beast: mine shall they be: I am the Lord,” (Num. 3:13.), That Luke so frequently repeats the statement, that Joseph and Mary did what was written in the law of the Lord. For these words teach us, that we must not, at our own suggestion, attempt anything in the worship of God, but must obediently follow what he requires in his Word.

Luke 2:24 stated in the law of the Lord: a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons. MacArthur Study Bible wrote Mary’s offering indicates that she and Joseph were poor (v. 24). To Jerusalem. A journey of about 6 mi. from Bethlehem. To present Him to the Lord. The dedication of the firstborn son was also required by Moses’ law (v. 23, cf. Ex. 13:2, 12–15). Like Zechariah and Elizabeth both, Mary and Joseph observed and kept the moral and ceremonial laws, and was declared righteous in God’s sight


 Simeon’s Prophetic Praise And Anna’s Testimony


Simeon was righteous and devout and was filled with the Holy Spirit found Luke 2:25; In Luke 2:26 the Holy Spirit revealed to him that he would not see death before he saw the Lord’s Messiah. In Luke 2:27 ;Guided by the Spirit, he entered the temple complex. Where Joseph and Mary brought in the child named Jesus , where he blessed and praising God saying, Now, Master, You can dismiss Your slave in peace, as You promised. For my eyes have seen Your salvation. 


2:25  Israel’s consolation meaning; a name for the Messiah in common use among the Jews, probably suggested by Isaiah 12:1; 49:13. The Greek word thus rendered (Luke 2:25, paraklesis) is kindred to that translated “Comforter” in John 14:16, etc., parakletos. 


Luke 2:28–32  Nunc Dimittis is Latin Vulgate translation, meaning “You may now dismiss or Now you are letting depart.” , Also called the Song of Simeon, in The New Testament, a brief hymn of praise sung by the aged Simeon who had been promised by the Holy Spirit that he would not die until he had seen the Messiah. Vulgate Bible: Nunc dimittis servum tuum, Domine, secundum verbum tuum, in pace, “Now, Master, you can let your servant go in peace, just as you promised.” 


2:34  Indeed, this child; destined to cause the fall and rise of many in Israel  Believer Commentary wrote, “Those who were arrogant, unrepentant, and unbelieving would fall and be punished. Those who humbled themselves, repented of their sins, and received the Lord Jesus would rise and be blessed. 

Reformed Bible Study wrote,” If the “fall and rising” applies to one group, then it means they must be humbled in repentance before they can rise into salvation. If it describes two groups, then it indicates that those who reject Jesus will fall eternally, but those who accept Him will rise to be with God.”

King James Studies Bible Notes wrote,” Jesus’ coming will bring deliverance, but also division, and anguish. Both redemption and judgment are bound up in His advent.

In Acts, 2:37 they came under deep conviction and repented, confess and believed found in Acts 2:38  Where the Jewish leaders were enraged and wanted to kill them found in Acts 5; 33. One believed in Christ atoning worked and will inherit eternal life with Christ and those who reject Him will enter into a Christ less eternal  Believer Commentary wrote,” There was a special significance connected with the Person of Christ. His very presence on earth proved a tremendous rebuke to sin and unholiness, and thus brought out the bitter animosity of the human heart. There will be day Jesus will remove His Savour clothes and will be a judge or a warrior. There will be two types of people those who believe in Jesus inherit everlasting life in glory, and those who do not believe will be tossed into the lake of fire living in excruciating agony. 

My prayer that those who do not believe will accept the message of  the cross, and repent and seek forgiveness right now  on this side of glory. After they die, it would be too late !


2:35   a sword will pierce your own soul; many hearts may be revealed; NIV Studies Bible Notes; wrote; The word “too” indicates that Mary, as well as Jesus, would suffer deep anguish—the first reference in this Gospel to Christ’s suffering and death. John 19:25 the first reference in this Gospel to Christ’s suffering and death. Believer Commentary wrote,” Simeon was here predicting the grief which would flood Mary’s heart when she would witness the crucifixion of her Son (John 19:25) Since Mary Jesus mother she would feel the anguish when she witness Her Son dying on the cross and being rejected by His own people

Holdman Bible Commentary “Such response to a Son is difficult for a mother. Her heart would be pierced as if by a sword, broken apart because of the treatment her Son must suffer. God has provided a Savior, but salvation is not automatic. People must believe, trust, and embrace God’s Savior and his salvation. Gentiles will; many in Israel will not.”




Luke 2;36-38

 Anna was a devout and saintly woman, she spent all her time in fasting and prayer. She spent all her time there in the worship of God. At Christ’s presentation, she joined her praises with those of the aged Simeon to thank God for the long-awaited redemption through Messiah.

Anna or Hanna G483, the equivalent of Heb. Annâ , “Ògrace”Ó). Daughter of Phanuel of the tribe of Asher. Widowed after seven years of marriage, she became a prophetess. At the age of eighty-four, when the infant Jesus was brought into the temple to be dedicated, she recognized and proclaimed him as the Messiah Lk. 2:36-38 records that Anna was at the Temple during the presentation of the child Jesus: the long awaited Messiah. Anna publicly gave thanks to God and proclaimed good news about her Redeemer. 

The account of Anna and of Simeon in the same passage reveals the existence of people who were truly faithful to God’s covenant and were trusting him to fulfil his promises of sending a Saviour King.

Matthew Henry wrote,”Ó He is taken notice of by one Anna, or Ann, a prophetess, that one of each sex might bear witness to him in whom both men and women are invited to believe, that they may be saved.”Ó In Galatians 3:283:29   There is no Jew or Greek, slave or free, male or female; for you is all one in Christ Jesus. 29 And if you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham’s seed, heirs according to the promise.

Orthodox Study Bible wrote, Both men and women are called to proclaim Christ’s redemption, and women are the first to proclaim His Resurrection (24:9). Where Mary mother of Jesus in 1:47 proclaim Jesus her Savior. Along with Elizabeth in  1:43  the  proclaim Mary child the mother of my Lord. All these women Proclaimed  Jesus as their Messiah or Christ who redeemed from theirs sins 


NIV Cultural Backgrounds Studied Bible wrote,”Ó redemption of Jerusalem. God had promised to bring redemption for his people (Isa 52:3; 62:12; Jer 31:11; Hos 13:14; Zec 10:8



Jesus Birth Part Three Declaring Jesus As Savour Messiah And Lord



 Luke 2:18  and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them. John MacArthur, wrote all those who heard it marveled. Wonderment at the mysteries of Christ’s words and works is one of the threads that runs through Luke’s gospel. Cf. vv. 19, 33, 47, 48; 1:21, 63; 4:22, 36; 5:9; 8:25; 9:43–45; 11:14; 20:26; 24:12, 41. Where Dr Luke  would often report this response when someone encounter Jesus. Throughout Luke and Acts accounts. Where the shepherd reported what the angel declared in Luke 2:11

Holman commentary wrote ,”  The function of the child was the gospel. Shepherds found in a manger the Savior, the Messiah, the Lord himself. They let everyone in hearing distance know Everyone in Bethlehem began talking about God’s mysterious surprise—a surprise made known firsthand only to a couple from Nazareth and unappreciated shepherds carrying out their lonely nighttime tasks.

 They proclaimed their findings to all who would listen. They turned back toward their jobs; a new song of praise in their hearts


Calvin wrote, “ They honestly delivered to others what they had received from the Lord; and it was advantageous to all of us that they should attest this, and should be a sort of secondary angels in confirming our faith.  They proclaimed their findings to all who would listen.”   

The best way to proclaim the gospel and Christ atoning work on the cross. You no longer bear the burden of sins. As scripture declares,” Then I acknowledged my sin to You and did not conceal my iniquity. I said,“ I  will confess my transgressions to the Lord,” and You took away the guilt of my sin. Furthermore it states,” If we confess our sins, He is faithful and righteous to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.

For example,” In 1987, David Berkowitz known as Son of Sam repented of sins and became a born Christian. According to his personal testimony, his moment of conversion occurred after reading Psalm 34:6; “This poor man cried, and the Lord heard him And saved him out of all his troubles.” He said this prayer; I told Him that I was sick and tired of doing evil. I asked for Jesus to forgive me for all my sins.” In his own words, he stated, “ I spent a good while on my knees praying to Him. When I got up it felt as if a very heavy burden  an invisible chain that had been around me for so many years was suddenly broken. A peace flooded over him. He did not understand what was happening. But in his heart He just knew that my life, somehow, would be different.  He slept like a baby. Another favourite text is Romans 10:13. It says, “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Here, it is clear that God has no favourites. He rejects no one, but welcomes all who will call upon Him.

Regretting being called the Son Of Son.  He changed his name to the Son Of Hope. Taking full ownership for the crime that he committed in the past, and he never applied for parole for sake of the victim. He felt they suffered enough and believed the punishment  was just and fair, and believe his mission field was in prison where he serving as a chaplain. 

Or Tex Watson On October 21, 1971, Watson was found guilty, and sentenced to death. He escaped execution when the California Supreme Court’s overturned the death penalty, and he was sentenced to life in prison.

While in prison he was extremely restless, and his mother encouraged him trust in Christ and prayed for him as well; however, there was still no peace in his life. One day He was attending chapel service, and  he heard a message on one 1 Timothy 1; 15-16; “ This is a trustworthy and deserving of full acceptance: “Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners “–and I am the worst of them. But, I received mercy for this reason, so that in me, the worst of them, Christ Jesus might demonstrate His extraordinary patience for instance to those who would believe in Him for eternal life.” According to pastor preached this message the  Apostle Paul was a head strong man and intended to destroyed the church until Christ met him on the road to Damascus, and changed Paul life. Tex than confess repent, and believed in Christ.  There was a peace and ecstatic joy that he never felt before in his life. When he went back to his  cell , he looked into the mirror, and he saw a smile on his face that brightened up his cell. According to Tex, he never experience this while on drugs or alcohol. The only experience he felt  was unending sadness, no rest, and no pleasure in his life only misery. Where he spent all kinds of money on drugs and alcohol and in which brought him no joy. Yet, the free gift from God Jesus brought him endless delight. 

Tex Watson, “In the world  when something is broken, it is set aside. But in the Kingdom of God, He sets aside the unbroken thing.  It is the precious, broken thing that He uses to confound the wise and show the world His glory through vessels of clay.”

As scripture declares,” How joyful is the one whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered! How joyful is the man the Lord does not charge with sin and in whose spirit is no deceit! In short, the best way to declare the gospel is to tell your story 


Jesus Birth Part Two Worship

2:14  Gloria in Excelsis Deo is Latin for “Glory to God in the highest” St Augustine’s, “Thou hast formed us for Thyself, and our hearts are restless till they find rest in Thee.” 

What is the chief and highest end of man? A. Man’s chief and highest end is to glorify God [1] and fully to enjoy him forever. [2] 

 https:// search=Matthew%2028:19 

2:14  Gloria in Excelsis Deo is Latin for “Glory to God in the highest” St Augustine’s, “Thou hast formed us for Thyself, and our hearts are restless till they find rest in Thee.” 

 Westminster Larger Catechism wrote, What is the chief and highest end of man? A. Man’s chief and highest end is to glorify God [1] and fully to enjoy him forever. [2]  The Greek word is proskuneó meaning to kiss “, to kiss the ground when prostrating before a superior; to worship, ready “to fall down prostrate oneself to adore on one’s knees.” Metaphorically described as “the kissing-ground ” between believers (the Bride) and Christ (the heavenly Bridegroom). While this is true (proskynéō) suggests the willingness to make all necessary physical gestures of bow. Where the Hebrew words is sagad means to prostrate oneself (in worship)  The late Dr S.Lewis Johnson wrote, “Luke is the gospel of songs. For example we have the beatitude of Elisabeth just previous to this. We have the Benedictus of Zacharias. We have the Nunc Dimittis of Simeon given last night by one of the children. We have the Evangel of the Angel of the Lord in chapter 2. We have the Gloria of the angelic hosts. Luke has always been known as the gospel of songs, and this the Magnificat is one of the greatest.”

 For example in Luke 2:13 , a multitude of the heavenly host with the angel, praising God and saYing:   Luke 1; 46 And Mary said: “My soul glorifies the Lord.”  In Luke, 1:68   Zechariah was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied. Luke 2; 28  Simeon took Him up in his arms, praised God, and said:   The common themes was that they were glorifying God and proclaiming Jesus as Lord and Savour For example, the angel Glory to God in the highest heaven, And Mary  My soul proclaims the greatness of the Lord, Lastly, Zechariah Praise the Lord, the God of Israel, because He has visited and provided redemption for His people and Simeon declared For my eyes have seen Your salvation.

Through out Luke account people were praising God. In  Luke  v. 28; 1:64; 5:25, 26; 7:16; 13:13; 17:15–18; 18:43; 19:37–40; 23:47; 24:52, 53.

To me worship has a variety in it style we do not worship on a calling card, where one size fit all. For example painting pictures, toiling garden, walking in park, reading scriptures, or conversation about God, listening to sermon  etc, etc  There is no wrong way to worship God, as long  it  pleases Him. Jesus said that we are to “worship the Father in spirit and truth.” Primary reason why we worshipped God is because He redeemed mankind from the curse of sin

 Jonathan Edwards wrote, “By Christ’s purchasing redemption, two things are intended: his satisfaction and his merit; the one pays our debt, and so satisfies; the other procures our title, and so merits. The satisfaction of Christ is to free us from misery; the merit of Christ is to purchase happiness for us.” Glory to God in the highest. 

Calvin wrote following,” The angels begin with Thanksgiving, or with the praises of God; for Scripture, too, everywhere reminds us, that we were redeemed from death for this purpose, that we might testify with the tongue, as well as by the actions of the life, our gratitude to God. Let us remember, then, the final cause, why God reconciled us to himself through his Only Begotten Son. It was that he might glorify his name, by revealing the riches of his grace, and of his boundless mercy. And even now, to whatever extent any one is excited by his knowledge of grace to celebrate the glory of God, such is the extent of proficiency in the faith of Christ. Whenever our salvation is mentioned, we should understand that a signal has been given, to excite us to Thanksgiving and to the praises of God. 



The Greatest Christmas Gift To Mankind


 The True Christmas Story

For a child will be born for us, a son will be given to us, and the government will be on His shoulders. He will be named Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace

Christmas is time when Christmas trees are being decorated with ornament and glittering lights in the mall, streets and homes. The streets and shopping malls are busy selling gifts to purchaser glisten with great delight, and spirits of joy manifested through the land.  With Santa and elves promising gifts to little boys and girls if they were good. It time when family gets together exchanging gifts, and enjoying a festive meal together. 

 Where off in corner in park or mall there is a nativity scene where Mary and Joseph and a child name Jesus who in a crib surround by cattle often over look and mocked. Yet to those who follow Christ there is different story to tell. Concerning Jesus who came from heaven to dwell among mankind so can redeem them from the curse of sin. Plus two servant, who God used to fulfill prophesies in the Old Testament. 

Mary was a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the descendants of David.  And coming in, he said to her, “Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you.” But, she was very perplexed at this statement and kept pondering what kind of salutation this was.  The angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary; for you have found favor with God.  And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus.  He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David;  and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and His kingdom will have no end.” Mary declare these words to the angel  “I am the Lord’s slave, “May it be done to me according to your word.”

Where Zechariah filled with Holy Spirit and prophesying,  “Praise the Lord, the God of Israel, because He has visited and provided redemption for His people. He has raised up a horn of salvation for the house of His servant David, just as He spoke by the mouth of His holy prophets in ancient times salvation from our enemies and from the clutches of those who hate us.

She was found to be with a child by the Holy Spirit. And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man, and not wanting to disgrace her, planned to send her away secretly. But, when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for the Child who has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit. She will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins.” 

Now in those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus, that a census be taken of all the inhabited earth. This was the first census taken while Quirinius was governor of Syria.  And everyone was on his way to register for the census, each to his own city.

Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the city of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David in which is called Bethlehem, because he was in the line  of David, to register along with Mary who was engaged to him, and was with child. 

And she gave birth to her firstborn son; and she wrapped Him in cloths and laid Him in a manger, in {a cave in a feeding trough] because there was no room for them in the inn. Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea. 

And the Word {Jesus) became flesh and dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father, full of grace, and truth.

The angel appeared before the shepherd who were in the field keeping watch over their flock and was afraid. “Don’t be afraid, for look, I proclaim to you good news of great joy that will be for all the people  Today a Savior who is Messiah the Lord, was born for you in the city of David. This will be the sign for you: You will find a baby wrapped snugly in cloth and lying in a feeding trough.”

 Simeon; and this man was righteous and devout, looking for the consolation of Israel; and the Holy Spirit was upon him.  And it had been revealed to him by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he had seen the Lord’s Christ.

After Jesus was dedicated just as it is written in the law, for first male who was born.will be dedicated to the Lord  and to offer a sacrifice (according to what is stated in the law of the Lord: a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons.

 Than Simeon blessed them and said to Mary His mother, “Behold, this Child is appointed for the fall and risen of many in Israel, and for a sign to be opposed— and a sword will pierce even your own soul—to the end that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed.”

Now, Master, You can dismiss Your slave in peace, as You promised. For my eyes have seen Your salvation. You have prepared it in the presence of all peoples— a light for revelation to the Gentiles and glory to Your people Israel. His father and mother were amazed at what was being said about Him. 

A prophetess, Anna the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. She was advanced in years and had lived with her husband seven years after her marriage,  and then as a widow to the age of eighty-four. She never left the temple, serving night, and day with fastings and prayers. At that very [moment she came up and began giving thanks to God, and continued to speak of Him to all those who were looking for the redemption of Jerusalem.

But, Mary treasured all these things, pondering them in her heart. 

The gifts that we received from our love ones are temporary; however, the gift that we received from God through His Son Jesus Christ is everlasting.  As scripture declares My flesh and my heart may fail, but God is the strength of my heart and my portion forever. Or another scripture,  Though our outer self is wasting away, our inner self is being renewed day by day. To me this, greatest gift God gave to man. As scripture declares, “ For you are saved by grace through faith, and this is not from yourselves; it is God’s gift not from works, so that no one can boast.” Or Jesus is the reason for the season.  

 Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary defines redemption as following Paul uses this verb twice in Galatians to refer to the spiritual redemption that Jesus accomplished for us through his death on the cross. Christ’s purpose in entering the world at just the right time was to redeem those who were enslaved to sin and the curse of the law (Gal 4:5; cf. 3:10). How did he do this? By suffering the death of a curse (3:13). In other words, the sinless, uncursed Christ suffered an accursed death (cf. Deut 21:23) so that he could remove God’s curse from us!

Nelson Illustrated Bible Dictionary define  redemption: from salvation from sin, death, and the wrath of God by Christ’s sacrifice on the cross.


 Eastern Bible Dictionary defines salvation; great deliverance from the guilt and the pollution of sin wrought out by Jesus Christ. Or deliverance from the power of sin and redemption. Nelson Bible Dictionary defines it as a; Central act in the life of a Christian by which he or she is brought into a right relationship with God through the redemptive grace of Jesus Christ, forgive

When Was Jesus Born

When Was Jesus Born

RC Sproul wrote these words; That question comes up every year at Christmastime. In the first place, there’s no direct biblical commandment to celebrate the birth of Jesus on December 25. There’s nothing in the Bible that would even indicate that Jesus was born on December 25. In fact, there’s much in The New Testament narratives that would indicate that it didn’t occur during that time of year. It just so happens that on the twenty-fifth of December in the Roman Empire there was a pagan holiday. That was linked to mystery religions; the pagans celebrated their festival on December 25. The Christians didn’t want to participate in that, and so they said, “While everybody else is celebrating this pagan thing, we’re going to have our own celebration. We’re going to celebrate the thing that’s most important in our lives, the incarnation of God, the birth of Jesus Christ. So this is going to be a time of joyous festivities, of celebration and worship of our God and King.”

I can’t think of anything more pleasing to Christ than the church celebrating his birthday every year. Keep in mind that the whole principle of annual festival and celebration is deeply rooted in ancient Jewish tradition. In the Old Testament; for example, there were times when God emphatically commanded the people to remember certain events with annual celebrations. While The New Testament doesn’t require that we celebrate Christmas every year, I certainly see nothing wrong with the church’s entering into this joyous time of celebrating the Incarnation, which is the dividing point of all human history. Originally, it was intended to honor, not Mithras or any of the other mystery religion cults, but the birth of our King.
Someone I knew did the math came up with date was in middle of September until middle of October known as the month of Tishri when Jesus was born. While other person thought it was in the third known as the month March or April. They both think they’re right, and believe they can support their claim in scriptures. So let us examine the scripture. The only account that gives a detail account is Luke 1; 8- 10. Now, it happened that while he was performing his priestly service before God in the appointed order of his division, 9 according to the custom of the priestly office, he was chosen by lot to enter the temple of the Lord and burn incense. 10 And the whole multitude of the people were in prayer outside at the hour of the incense offering. Note that He does not say that He enters the Holy of Holy. However, it he does say that he entered the temple of the Lord, to burn incense only priest in line Aaron performed this task nor does say what day when He entered the temple when performed this task.
To understand the important of burning incense you need to read Exodus 29-30 understand the duty of priest; in chapter 30 verses 7- 8;  Aaron shall burn fragrant incense on it; he shall burn it every morning when he trims the lamps. 8 When Aaron trims the lamps at twilight, he shall burn incense. There shall be perpetual incense before the Lord throughout your generations .
Matthew Hendry Commentary wrote; Now the father of John Baptist was a priest, a son of Aaron; his name Zacharias. No families in the world were ever so honoured of God as those of Aaron and David with one was made the covenant of priesthood, with the other that of royalty.
Aaron in John Baptist, and David in Christ, and then they were both extinguished and lost. Christ was  of David’s house, his forerunner of Aaron’s.
Even thou Zacharia and Elisabeth were not sinless, yet they were blameless; nobody could charge them with any open scandalous sin; they lived honestly and inoffensively.
This was not the high priest burning incense on the day of atonement, as some have fondly imagined it who have thought by that to find out the time of our Saviour’s birth; but it is plain that it was the burning of the daily incense at the altar of incense (v. Luke 1; 11 (And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing to the right of the altar of incense.), which was in the temple not the Holy of Holy?
  The Jews say that one and the same priest burned not incense twice in all his days (there were such a multitude of them), at least never more than one week. It is very probable that this was upon the Sabbath day, because there was a multitude of people attending (v. 10), which ordinarily was not on a week day; and thus God usually puts honour upon his own day.
It is very probable that this was upon the Sabbath day, because there was a multitude of people attending  which ordinarily was not on a week day; and thus God usually puts honour upon his own day And then if Dr. Lightfoot reckon, with the help of the Jewish calendar, that this course of Abia fell on the seventeenth day of the third month, the month Sivan, answering to part of May and part of June, it is worth observing that the portions of the law and the prophets which were read this day in synagogues were very agreeable to that which was doing in the temple; namely, the law of the Nazarites.
Even thou Mathew Henry makes a compelling defense and like his reasoning; however, scripture really does not say which Sabbath He burns the incense. 

Believer Commentary wrote, Each shift was called on to serve at the temple in Jerusalem twice a year from Sabbath to Sabbath. There were so many priests at this time that the privilege of burning incense in the Holy Place came only once in a lifetime, if at all.
 Another verse is 
it states in 1:26,” In the sixth month, the angel Gabriel appeared before Mary not six of the Hebrew calendar Elul but  in the sixth month of Elizabeth’s sixth month of pregnancy 

My Mother once told me. The reason Moses or Jesus burial site was not revealed in the scripture is because we would’ve built a shrine around these sites and would be focus on these sites instead of the task at hand, the gospel. Maybe the reason the four gospel did not reveal the date of Jesus birth is perhaps they were more focus on why Jesus came, and instead distracted by His birth As Scripture states, “ The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but the things revealed belong to us and to our sons forever, that we may observe all the words of this law.”
The Old Testament support Jesus as the Messiah to Jews and the Gentles. Jesus said these words once,” “Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did not come to abolish but to fulfill. For truly I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Jesus said,” I have glorified You on the earth by completing the work You gave Me to do.”
The reason why He came into this world is to redeemed mankind from their sins. For Jesus, to be our sinless savour He needed to fulfill the Law and the Prophets. In which He did. He sacrifice himself on the cross for humankind sins. He willing took our sins and His Father wrath as the same time. To bridge the gap mankind and His Father.


Believer Commentary wrote, “One-third of all the people who have ever lived are living today. By the year 2000, one-half of all the people who have ever lived will be living then. As the population explodes, the task increases. But, the method is always the same—devoted disciples with unlimited love for Christ who counts no sacrifice too great for Him.”


Jesus Birth Part Two

Luke 2; 8-20 

2:8  Shepherd; NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible wrote;” most people of status throughout the empire viewed shepherds as lowly and sometimes as rough, unclean, or even dangerously living out in the fields.  


NIV Study Notes wrote,” The flocks were reserved for temple sacrifice were they kept the sheep in the fields near Bethlehem throughout the year keeping watch. Against thieves and predatory animals.   The tasks of a Near Eastern shepherd were:  to watch for enemies trying to attack the sheep  to defend the sheep from attackers  to heal the wounded and sick sheep  to find and save lost or trapped sheep  to love them, sharing their lives and so earning their trust.

The Greek word is poimēn meaning a herdsman, especially a shepherd who protected the sheep. 


Passover and the story of the exodus have great significance for Christians also, as Jesus Christ fulfilled the Law, including the symbolism of the Passover (Matthew 5:17). Jesus is our Passover (1 Corinthians 5:7; Revelation 5:12). He was killed at Passover time, and the Last Supper was a Passover meal (Luke 22:7–8).


Luke 2:11 The angel  appeared to the shepherd first, and declared,   “Today a Savior who is Messiah the Lord, was born for you in the city of David.”

 Remember the shepherd were protecting the sheep from the thieves and predatory since they were used for sacrificing sin offering for the people. Later on Jesus would be  the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! John; 1:29  and Good Shepherd who lays down his life for the sheep.  John; 10:11 John MacArthur wrote,” This is a reference to Jesus’ substitutionary death for sinners on the cross. Cf. v. 15; 6:51; 11:50, 51; 17:19; 18:14.” Furthermore, he wrote,’ “This is one of only two places in the gospels where Christ is referred to as “Savior “—the other being John 4:42, where the men of Sychar confessed Him as “Savior of the world.” 

Reformed Bible Study wrote; The shepherd were “prevented them from keeping the ceremonial law. The sin offering was enacted from God as a payment for sins unintentionally or intentionally   founded in Leviticus 5 since all have sin the shepherd should being included. For example, the Jewish leader would not enter headquarters of  Pilate in fear defiling themselves while taking the Passover. The purpose of taking of Passover is that God set them free from the bondage slavery to the Egyptians. Where God told the Israelites to sacrifice a spotless lamb and mark their doorposts and lintels with its blood (Exodus 12:21–22). Then, when the Lord passed through the nation, He would “pass over ” the households that showed the blood post prevent household for being put to death by angel who pass throughout  the land

(V 12:23]  In a very real way, the blood of the lamb saved the Israelites from death, as it kept the destroyer from entering their homes. 

 Passover and the story of the exodus have great significance for Christians also, as Jesus Christ fulfilled the Law, including the symbolism of the Passover (Matthew 5:17). Jesus is our Passover (1 Corinthians 5:7; Revelation 5:12). He was killed at Passover time, and the Last Supper was a Passover meal (Luke 22:7–8).

In short, the Angel visited the shepherd to ensure them that they are part of salvation plan.  

Later on the Apostle Peter stated in Acts 10; 28 the following You are well aware that it is against our law for a Jew to associate with or visit a Gentile. Where the Bible stated in  Leviticus 19:34 You must regard the foreigner who lives with you as the native-born among you. You are to love him as yourself, for you were foreigners in the land of Egypt; I am Yahweh your God.”  Jesus uttered these words,” But I have other sheep that are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will listen to My voice. Then there will be one flock, one shepherd. Or go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, or you will be My witnesses in Jerusalem, in all Judea, and Samaria, and to the ends of the earth.”

Luke 2:11  Messiah the Lord; Messiah comes from the Hebrew word mashiach  and  Greek word is Christos or, in English, Christ, meaning the anointed one or chose one. The Free Dictionary defines it; the anticipated saviour of the Jews or a leader or savior of a particular group or cause.   The Old Testament, people were anointed for the positions of prophet, priest, and king. God told Elijah to anoint Elisha to succeed him as Israel’s prophet 1 Kings 19:16). Aaron was anointed as the first high priest of Israel (Leviticus 8:12.

But, the Old Testament predicted a coming Deliverer, chosen by God to redeem Israel Isaiah 42:1; 61:1–3. This Deliverer the Jews called the Messiah. Where Jesus Himself would declare in Luke 4:17–21; John 4:25–26 that he was Messiah. The Apostle Peter declared Jesus as the Messiah in Matthew 16:16. Jesus proved beyond shadow of doubt when He arose from the dead Acts 10:39–43

He accomplished this salvation through His death and resurrection (John 12:32; John 3:16).

Lord means “master”—but it is also the word used to translate the covenant name of God meaning LORD or YHWH. Here (and in most of its NT occurrences), it is used in the latter sense, as a title of deity. NKJV Bible wrote The word Lord was the title of a ruler. The meaning of the word is defined by Peter in Acts 2:30–36. Jesus is destined to sit and distribute salvation’s benefits from God’s side, ruling with the Father. Holman commentary wrote,” This title referred to the holy, unspeakable personal name of God himself. This baby in the manger was God He, with all power and all authorities under heaven would be redeemed mankind from it cursed. Believer Bible Commentary,” This Baby was a Savior who is Christ the Lord! Here, we have a theology in miniature. First, He is a Savior, which is expressed in His name, Jesus. Then, He is Christ, the Anointed of God, the Messiah of Israel. Finally, He is the Lord; God manifests in the flesh.

Believer Bible Commentary summary it up, “That very day, in nearby Bethlehem, a Baby had been born. This Baby was a Savior, which is Christ the Lord! Here, we have a theology in miniature. First, He is a Savior, which is expressed in His name, Jesus. Then, He is Christ, the Anointed of God, the Messiah of Israel. Finally, He is the Lord; God manifest in the flesh.”



2:14  Gloria in Excelsis Deo is Latin for “Glory to God in the highest” St Augustine’s, “Thou hast formed us for Thyself, and our hearts are restless till they find rest in Thee.” 

What is the chief and highest end of man? A. Man’s chief and highest end is to glorify God [1] and fully to enjoy him forever. [2] 

 https:// search=Matthew%2028:19 


Jesus Birth Part One

Luke 2,1-7

NIV Study Notes wrote, Quirinius. This official appears to have been in office for two terms, first 6–4 BC and then AD 6–9. A census is associated with each term. This is the first; Ac 5:37 refers to the second. According to John MacArthur, he wrote following,” In light of Luke’s meticulous care as a historian, it would be unreasonable to charge him with such an obvious anachronism. Indeed, archeology has vindicated Luke. A fragment of stone discovered at Tivoli (near Rome) in A.D. 1,764 contains an inscription in honor of a Roman official who, it states, was twice governor of Syria and Phoenicia during the reign of Augustus. The name of the official is not on the fragment, but among his accomplishments are listed details that, as far as is known, can fit no one other than Quirinius.  

 Furthermore he wrote,” With regard to the dating of the census, some ancient records found in Egypt mention a worldwide census ordered in 8 B.C. That date is not without problems, either. It is generally thought by scholars that 6 B.C. is the earliest possible date for Christ’s birth. 

Halley’s Bible Handbook Notes wrote (The purpose of the census was taxation, as the kjv indicates.) Roman historical records place the census of Quirinius in a.d. 7, which was 10 to 13 years after Jesus was born. This historical discrepancy was for a long time troublesome to Bible students. But in recent years ancient papyri have been found that show that Quirinius was governor of Syria twice. Luke expressly says that this was the first census. It has also been discovered that people were indeed required to go to their ancestral homes for the census. Thus, the spade of the archaeologist goes on, confirming one by one and in detail the historical accuracy of biblical statements. The Amazing Providence of God The Messiah is to be of the family of David and is to be born in Bethlehem (Micah 5:2–5). But, the chosen parents live in Nazareth, 100 miles from Bethlehem. A decree of Rome requires them to go to Bethlehem just as the child is about to be born. Thus, God makes the decree of a pagan empire the instrument for fulfilling His prophecies Micah 5:2 .

Bethlehem meaning house of bread because the area was a grain producing region five miles south of Jerusalem with rolling hills where sheep graze and king David was a shepherd


While trek had been very difficult on the account of mountainous terrain; however, they needed to  registered in Bethlehem where King David was born resulting from Jewish custom found in 2 Sam. 24). Both Joseph and Mary were from descendants of David and therefore went to their tribal home in Judea. 

2:5  it states” who was engaged to him and was pregnant In Matt. 1:25. Mary and Joseph were married but, they not intimate  until after the birth of Jesus where they where they consummated their marriage vows proving Joseph not the father Jesus; however, In 2:49  Jesus uttered these words “Didn’t you know that I had to be in My Father’s house? Also, it states in Mat 1:16 the husband of Mary who gave birth to Jesus who is called the Messiah and Luke 3:23 thought to be the son of Joseph. Indicating Joseph was not his father but Holy Spirit planted the seed



Luke 2; 7 Then she gave birth to her firstborn  Son, and she wrapped Him snugly in cloth and laid Him in a feeding trough—because there was no room for them at the lodging place.

NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible wrote,” Parents and midwives wrapped an infant’s limbs in long strips of cloth to help them to grow straight. They could be used until the infant’s limbs became firm or for as long as two months. manger. A feeding trough for domestic animals; people sometimes kept animals in caves by the house. Gentiles had a few stories of deities born in caves (though also stories of deities born elsewhere). Luke does not specify a cave as the place of the manger, but the tradition that Jesus was born in a cave is early, information apparently already circulating in Bethlehem by the early second century.” Reformation Study Bible wrote,” The birth of the baby is described simply. ” Swaddling cloths ” were strips of cloth used to wrap a baby. That the Child was put in a manger may mean that the birth was in a stable. There is a tradition that Jesus was born in a cave, which could have been used as a stable. Mangers were often outdoors, so it is possible that Jesus was born in the open air. Another possibility is that the place was the home of a poor family, where the animals would be under the same roof. 

There was nowhere for them in the inn. This may mean that the innkeeper did not want to have them there.

Dr Charles Stanley wrote,” Amazingly, God stepped into this world not as the reigning King with pomp and ceremony, but as the humble Child who was wrapped in simple swaddling clothes. Far from a royal crib, Jesus’ first resting place was a primitive feeding trough.


2:7 There was no room for them at the lodging place or there was no room for them in the inn. Likely because many were returning to this ancient town to register in the census order by Augustus. Or may mean that the innkeeper did not want them there resulting from her pregnancy. A typical inn small town during New Testament was one room guest house where the innkeeper would provide food and drink for the lodger. Where the traveling caravans, including the people, and their animals provided shelter for them where the animal would discharged their order. The Greek word is “kataluma meaning an inn, lodging place.